Salacia madagascariensis (Lam.) DC.

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Salacia madagascariensis

Photo: Warren McCleland
Rio Muacamula, Macomia District, Cabo Delgado.

Salacia madagascariensis

Photo: Warren McCleland
Rio Muacamula, Macomia District, Cabo Delgado.

Salacia madagascariensis

Photo: Warren McCleland
Rio Muacamula, Macomia District, Cabo Delgado.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hippocratea madagascariensis Lam.
Hippocratea senegalensis Lam. var. madagascariensis (Lam.) Poir.
Hippocratea verticillata Steud. var. madagascariensis (Lam.) Pers.
Salacia simtata Loes.
Tonsella madagascariensis (Lam.) Vahl
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or liane climbing to 6 m high or more, hairless, latex present; younger branches 4-angled, smooth and green; older stems purplish or grey, verruculose with numerous lenticels. Leaves (sub)opposite but alternate on climbing shoots, oblong or elliptic, 4-10.5 cm long, glossy on both surfaces but paler beneath; margin finely toothed to subentire; petiole 5-9 mm long. Flowers in 2-12-flowered axillary clusters, greenish-yellow to deep yellow. Disk cylindric to deeply conic, sometimes fluted, 5-lobed at the lower margin. Stamens 3. Fruit globose, 1-8-3 cm in diameter, orange to pinkish.
Notes: The specimen in the images appears to be the first record from the Niassa Division.
Derivation of specific name: madagascariensis; of Madagascar.
Habitat: Coastal evergreen forest, deciduous woodland and scrub.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Coastal areas of southern Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and Madagascar.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,GI
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 22 August 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 514. (Includes a picture).

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 400.

Other sources of information about Salacia madagascariensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Salacia madagascariensis
African Plant Database: Salacia madagascariensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Salacia madagascariensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Salacia madagascariensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Salacia madagascariensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Salacia madagascariensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Salacia madagascariensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Salacia madagascariensis
iNaturalist: Salacia madagascariensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Salacia madagascariensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Salacia madagascariensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Salacia madagascariensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Salacia madagascariensis
Plants of the World Online: Salacia madagascariensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Salacia madagascariensis
Tropicos: Salacia madagascariensis
Wikipedia: Salacia madagascariensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Salacia madagascariensis.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=179240, retrieved 15 August 2020

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