Brexia madagascariensis (Lam.) Ker Gawl.

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Brexia madagascariensis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Dunes close to Xai-xai

Brexia madagascariensis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Dunes close to Xai-xai

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Synonyms: Brexia serrata C.B. Presl.
Brexia spinosa Lindl.
Thomassetia seychellarum Hemsl.
Venana madagascariensis Lam.
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small evergreen tree. Leaves alternate, leathery, very variable in shape; on young shoots oblong to oblong-linear with spiny-dentate margins; those on older branches more or less broadly obovate with margins crenate or entire. Inflorescences axillary, 3-17-flowered. Flowers greenish or yellowish-white, more or less fleshy; disk with 4-6 linear filaments on the lobes. Fruit ovoid to oblong-fusiform, 4-10 cm long, prominently 5-ribbed.
Derivation of specific name: madagascariensis: of Madagascar,where the type specimen was collected.
Habitat: In coastal scrub, mangrove swamps and fringing forest near the sea.
Altitude range: 0 - 40 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Zanzibar, Mozambique, Comoros, Seychelles and Madagascar.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 29 May 2016

Beentje, H. & Bandeira, S. (2007). Field Guide to the Mangrove trees of Africa and Madagascar Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK ISBN 978-184246-135-8 Page 76.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 495. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 240. in Escalloniaceae

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 42.

Robson. N.K.B. (1978). Brexiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 59 - 61. In Brexiaceae (Includes a picture).

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 24.

Other sources of information about Brexia madagascariensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brexia madagascariensis
African Plant Database: Brexia madagascariensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brexia madagascariensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brexia madagascariensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brexia madagascariensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brexia madagascariensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brexia madagascariensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Brexia madagascariensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brexia madagascariensis
Plants of the World Online: Brexia madagascariensis
Tropicos: Brexia madagascariensis
Wikipedia: Brexia madagascariensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Brexia madagascariensis., retrieved 21 May 2024

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