Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lam.

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Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Photo: Warren McCleland
Govuro Estuary, North of Inhassoro

Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Photo: Warren McCleland
Govuro Estuary, North of Inhassoro

Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Photo: Warren McCleland
Govuro Estuary, North of Inhassoro

Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Photo: Warren McCleland
Govuro Estuary, North of Inhassoro

Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Photo: Warren McCleland
Govuro Estuary, North of Inhassoro

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bruguiera capensis Bl.
Bruguiera cylindrica sensu Oliv. p.p. non Blume
Rhizophora conjugata L.
Rhizophora gymnorhiza L.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or tree with a light brown, reddish-brown or grey fibrous bark; branches with subcircular scars of fallen leaves and stipules. Leaves opposite, narrowly to broadly elliptic or obovate-elliptic, 6-12 cm long, base narrowed into the petiole, midrib rather prominent beneath; margin entire and somewhat rolled under; petiole 1-3 cm long; stipules up to 4 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary on peduncles c. 1 cm long. calyx pinkish-green to reddish-brown, c. 12-lobed, 1.5-2 cm long with an obconical tube 1-2 cm long. Petals oblong, c. 1.5 cm long, 2-lobed at the apex, leathery, hairy at the base and on the margins, white or cream but soon turning brown; stamens c. 24, paired opposite the petals. Fruit up to 15 cm long and 1-2 cm wide, shallowly longitudinally ridged, held in the remaining calyx.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Woodlands and thickets along the intertidal mud-flats, estuaries and inlets, mainly on the seaward side of mangroves.
Altitude range: 0 - 5 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widely distributed along the Western shores of the Pacific ocean, the Indian Ocean and the shores of Eastern Africa from Ethiopia to Eastern Cape South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 15 August 2016
Literature:

Beentje, H. & Bandeira, S. (2007). Field Guide to the Mangrove trees of Africa and Madagascar Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK ISBN 978-184246-135-8 Pages 52 - 53. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 662. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 785.

Gonçalves, A.E. & Torre, A.R. (1979). 62. Rhizophoraceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 20 - 21.

Lewis, J. (1956). Rhizophoraceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 6 - 7. (Includes a picture).

Torre, A. & Gonçalves, M. L. (1978). Rhizophoraceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 87 - 89. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 276 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Bruguiera gymnorrhiza:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
iNaturalist: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
JSTOR Plant Science: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Plants of the World Online: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
The Plant List (version 1.1): Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Tropicos: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Wikipedia: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=180220, retrieved 11 August 2020

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