Syngonanthus welwitschii (Rendle) Ruhland

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Syngonanthus welwitschii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Syngonanthus welwitschii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Syngonanthus welwitschii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Syngonanthus welwitschii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Syngonanthus welwitschii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Syngonanthus welwitschii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Syngonanthus welwitschii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Paepalanthus welwitschii Rendle
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tiny annual herb, mostly less than 5 cm high. Leaves numerous in a basal rosette, narrowly linear, up to 1 m long and less than 1 mm wide. Scapes up to 50,1-4 cm high, 3-ribbed with long spreading glandular hairs mixed with shorter hairs. Capitulum 1.5-2.5 mm wide, few-flowered; involucral bracts few,1.2-1.5 mm long, subequal, shiny white, extending beyond the flowers. Flowers 5-9, straw-coloured, 0.5-0.7 mm long with 4-7 sessile female flowers surrounding 1-2 shortly pedicelled male flowers.
Notes: Before now this species has within the Flora Zambesiaca area only been recorded from Northwestern Zambia so the specimens in the images above (Ballings & Wursten 2304) are the first record for Mozambique.
Derivation of specific name: welwitschii: named after the Austrian botanist, Friedrich Martin Welwitsch (1806-1872)
Habitat: Wet ground in grassy places, on sandy and stony soil.
Altitude range: 1685 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, southern DRC, Tanzania, Zambia and Mozambique. Also in Sierra Leone.
Mozambique distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 22 November 2014
Literature:

Phillips, S.M. (1998). Eriocaulaceae of the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(1) Page 64.

Phillips, S.M. (2010). Eriocaulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(4) Pages 83 - 84.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 114.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 82.

Other sources of information about Syngonanthus welwitschii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Syngonanthus welwitschii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Syngonanthus welwitschii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Syngonanthus welwitschii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Syngonanthus welwitschii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Syngonanthus welwitschii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Syngonanthus welwitschii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Syngonanthus welwitschii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Syngonanthus welwitschii
iNaturalist: Syngonanthus welwitschii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Syngonanthus welwitschii
JSTOR Plant Science: Syngonanthus welwitschii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Syngonanthus welwitschii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Syngonanthus welwitschii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Syngonanthus welwitschii
Plants of the World Online: Syngonanthus welwitschii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Syngonanthus welwitschii
Tropicos: Syngonanthus welwitschii
Wikipedia: Syngonanthus welwitschii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Syngonanthus welwitschii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=211220, retrieved 13 November 2019

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