Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb.

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Eleutherine bulbosa

Photo: Theo van der Merwe
About 10 km from Inhambane town on the tar road to the EN 1 in the road reserve

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Synonyms: Eleutherine plicata (Sw.) Klatt
Eleuthrine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb.
Sisyrinchium bulbosum Mill.
Sisyrinchium palmifolium L.
Common names:
Status: Introduced, cultivated and possibly sometimes escaping
Bulbs ovoid, 3 cm or more in diameter, the tunics firm, red-brown. Basal leaves 1-2, linear-lanceolate, 15-40 cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide, plicate. Scape 10-30 cm high, not winged, usually bearing a single 6-12-flowered spathe, this subtended by a leaf similar to the basal ones. Spathes about 1.5 cm long, the flowers slender- pedicellate. Perianth white, 2-2.5 cm broad, the segments obovate, spreading. Capsule about 2 cm long.
Derivation of specific name: bulbosa: possessing bulbs; bulbous.
Habitat: Disturbed areas of former cultivation
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: West Indies, South America, naturalized in D.R. Congo, South Africa, RĂ©union, and Asia.
Mozambique distribution: GI
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 9 January 2015

Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1952). Flora of Guatemala Chicago Natural History Museum Pages 162 - 163.

Other sources of information about Eleutherine bulbosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Eleutherine bulbosa
Flora of Zambia: Eleutherine bulbosa
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Eleutherine bulbosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eleutherine bulbosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eleutherine bulbosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eleutherine bulbosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eleutherine bulbosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eleutherine bulbosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eleutherine bulbosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eleutherine bulbosa
iNaturalist: Eleutherine bulbosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eleutherine bulbosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Eleutherine bulbosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eleutherine bulbosa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eleutherine bulbosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eleutherine bulbosa
Plants of the World Online: Eleutherine bulbosa
Tropicos: Eleutherine bulbosa
Wikipedia: Eleutherine bulbosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Eleutherine bulbosa.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=218140, retrieved 2 April 2023

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