Moraea niassensis Goldblatt & J.C Manning

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Common names:
Frequency: Local and probably rare.
Status: Mozambique
Perennial herb 80-100 cm tall, growing from a corm. Stem unbranched erect with 5-4 sheathing leaves, 6-6.5 cm long. Floliage leaf solitary, basal, linear, 5 - 6 mm wide and longer than the stem. Flowers whitish; outer tepal limbs with narrow pale yellow nectar guides and dark longitudinal lines near the base; base of the inner tepals and style branches reddish purple. Outer tepals, lanceolate, 55 -57 mm long. Capsules ovoid 16 -20 mm long,narrowed into a small apical beak.
Notes: Instantly recognizeable by the large white flowers with deep red veining on the outside of the tepals and deep red flush near the base at the inside of the tepals.
Derivation of specific name: niassensis: of Niassa (Game Reserve) where the type specimen was collected.
Habitat: In woodland on isolated inselberg
Altitude range: 1000 m (approx)
Flowering time:Apr - May
Worldwide distribution: Only known from Mt Yao in the Niassa Game Reserve.
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 1 November 2015

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 77.

Goldblatt, P., Manning, J.C., von Blittersdorff, R. & Weber, O. (2014). New Species of Gladiolus L. and Moraea Mill. (Iridaceae) from Tanzania and Mozambique Kew Bulletin 69(9496) Pages 5 - 8. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Moraea niassensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Moraea niassensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Moraea niassensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Moraea niassensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Moraea niassensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Moraea niassensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Moraea niassensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Moraea niassensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Moraea niassensis
Plants of the World Online: Moraea niassensis
Tropicos: Moraea niassensis
Wikipedia: Moraea niassensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Moraea niassensis., retrieved 27 February 2024

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