Emicocarpus fissifolius K.Schum. & Schltr.

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Synonyms: Lobostephanus palmatus N.E.Br
Common names:
Frequency: Rare and local
Status: Native
Description:
Prostrate creeping herb with stems up to 1.3 m long. Leaves more or less ovate in outline, deeply palmately dissected, up to 4 cm long, hairless except for the margins; upper leaves more linear with only small lateral teeth at the base; petiole c. 5 mm long. Inflorescences extra-axillary, umbelliform on peduncles 1-2 cm long; pedicels 2-3 mm long, both pubescent along one line. Sepals oblong, c. 1 mm long, hairless. Corolla cream or tinged with red, lobed almost to the base; lobes mostly reflexed at flowering time, oblong, c. 2 mm long. Follicles solitary, c. 1 cm long, with triangular distal projections, hairless, indehiscent.
Notes: This species is known from only few specimens at five localities all within the city limits of Maputo. Some of these localities have now been heavily cultivated.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On sandy ground.
Altitude range: 30 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Only known from Southern Mozambique
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 80.

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 230 - 232. (Includes a picture).

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 26.

Other sources of information about Emicocarpus fissifolius:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Emicocarpus fissifolius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Emicocarpus fissifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Emicocarpus fissifolius
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Emicocarpus fissifolius
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Emicocarpus fissifolius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Emicocarpus fissifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Emicocarpus fissifolius
iNaturalist: Emicocarpus fissifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Emicocarpus fissifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Emicocarpus fissifolius
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Emicocarpus fissifolius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Emicocarpus fissifolius
Plants of the World Online: Emicocarpus fissifolius
Tropicos: Emicocarpus fissifolius
Wikipedia: Emicocarpus fissifolius


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Emicocarpus fissifolius.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=232860, retrieved 8 August 2022

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