Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Pandanales

Pandanaceae - Screw-pine family

Beentje, H.J. (2009) Pandanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2)

Leistner, O.A. (2005) Seed plants of southern tropical Africa: families and genera SABONET Report No. 26 SABONET, Pretoria

Description of the family

Dioecious trees or shrubs, often with proproots near the base. Branches with leaf scars. Leaves crowded at the ends of the branches, in 3 ranks, appearing as a spiral (hence the name, screw pines), glabrous, entire but armed on the margins, sometimes with prickles on the adaxial side of the midrib. Inflorescences terminal, many-flowered. Flowers unisexual, rudimentary. Male flowers: stamens many; anthers 2-thecous. Female flowers of several 1-locular carpels. Fruiting inflorescence of many drupes crowded into a large subspherical to ellipsoid structure.

Worldwide: 3 genera and 875 species in the Old World tropics to New Zealand

Mozambique: 1 cultivated genus and 1 cultivated taxon.

Pandanus utilis

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Pandanus ParkinsonDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Pandanaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Pandanaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Pandanaceae
Flora of Zambia: Pandanaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Pandanaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pandanaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pandanaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pandanaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pandanaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pandanaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pandanaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Pandanaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pandanaceae
Wikipedia: Pandanaceae
Plants of the World Online: Pandanaceae
Tropicos: Pandanaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Cultivated plants: Family page: Pandanaceae.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/cult/family.php?family_id=265, retrieved 5 December 2023

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