Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.

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Spathodea campanulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
In disturbed forest above the SDH CHA Sarl Tea Estates, Gurue, Mozambique

Spathodea campanulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
In disturbed forest above the SDH CHA Sarl Tea Estates, Gurue, Mozambique

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Synonyms: Bignonia tulipifera Thonn.
Spathodea danckelmaniana Büttner
Common names: African flame tree (English) African tulip tree (English) Fountain tree (English) Nandi flame (English)
Description: Tree, to 20 m. Leaves 1-pinnate, imparipinnate, opposite, large (to 50 cm long); leaflets ovate to elliptic. Flowers orange to red. Calyx spathaceous, densely hairy. Corolla lobes ± undulate. Fruit a capsule, 15 - 30 cm, fusiform, held erect. Seeds winged.
Notes: One record of this species as naturalised in Zambezia province.
Derivation of specific name: campanulata: campanulate, referring to the shape of the corolla.
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species:
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Content last updated: Tuesday 21 July 2009

Bailey, L.H. (1949). Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York. Pages 906 - 907.

Diniz, M.A. (1988). Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Page 62.

Other sources of information about Spathodea campanulata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Spathodea campanulata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Spathodea campanulata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Spathodea campanulata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Spathodea campanulata
African Plant Database: Spathodea campanulata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Spathodea campanulata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Spathodea campanulata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Spathodea campanulata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Spathodea campanulata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Spathodea campanulata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Spathodea campanulata
iNaturalist: Spathodea campanulata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Spathodea campanulata
JSTOR Plant Science: Spathodea campanulata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Spathodea campanulata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Spathodea campanulata
Plants of the World Online: Spathodea campanulata
Tropicos: Spathodea campanulata
Wikipedia: Spathodea campanulata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Spathodea campanulata., retrieved 27 March 2023

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