Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
subsp. nilotica (Seem.) Bidgood

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Spathodea campanulata subsp. nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
In disturbed forest above the SDH CHA Sarl Tea Estates, Gurue, Mozambique

Spathodea campanulata subsp. nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
In disturbed forest above the SDH CHA Sarl Tea Estates, Gurue, Mozambique

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Synonyms: Bignonia tulipifera Thonn.
Spathodea danckelmaniana Büttner
Spathodea nilotica Seem.
Common names: African flame tree (English) African tulip tree (English) Fountain tree (English) Nandi flame (English)
Status: Introduced and naturalised.
Tree, to 20 m. Leaves 1-pinnate, imparipinnate, opposite, large (to 50 cm long); leaflets ovate to elliptic, densely hairy. Flowers orange to red. Calyx spathaceous, densely hairy. Corolla lobes ± undulate. Fruit a capsule, 15 - 30 cm, fusiform, held erect. Seeds winged.
Notes: One record of this species as naturalised in Zambezia province.
Derivation of specific name: campanulata: campanulate, referring to the shape of the corolla; nilotica: from the valley of the Nile.
Habitat: In a forest clearing
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: West Africa to Ethiopia and Rwanda.
Mozambique distribution: Z
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 21 July 2009

Bailey, L.H. (1949). Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York. Pages 906 - 907.

Diniz, M.A. (1988). Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Page 62.

Other sources of information about Spathodea campanulata subsp. nilotica:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Spathodea campanulata subsp. nilotica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Spathodea campanulata subsp. nilotica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Spathodea campanulata subsp. nilotica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Spathodea campanulata
African Plant Database: Spathodea campanulata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Spathodea campanulata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Spathodea campanulata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Spathodea campanulata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Spathodea campanulata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Spathodea campanulata
JSTOR Plant Science: Spathodea campanulata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Spathodea campanulata
Plants of the World Online: Spathodea campanulata
Tropicos: Spathodea campanulata
Wikipedia: Spathodea campanulata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Spathodea campanulata subsp. nilotica., retrieved 7 December 2023

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