Couroupita guianensis Aubl.

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Couroupita guianensis

Photo: Ramana Waldhaus
Park, Maputo

Couroupita guianensis

Photo: Ramana Waldhaus
Park, Maputo

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Common names: Cannon ball tree (English)
Description: Tree to 35 m tall. Bark not fissured. Leaves in clusters at ends of branches; lamina 8-30 cm long, usually narrowly obovate to obovate; base cuneate; margin entire; apex generally acute or acuminate. Inflorescences cauline, usually unbranched racemes, sometimes covering the entire trunk. Flowers zygomorphic, 5-6 cm in diameter. Calyx-lobes 6, broadly ovate. Petals 6, pink to red. Androecium prolonged on one side into a flat hood, with a stamen-free area between the staminal ring and the hood proper, the hood white or pale yellow tinged with pink externally, the ring stamens with white filaments and white or pale yellow anthers, the hood staminodes often white at the very base, pink for most of length, and yellow at apex, sometimes white for most of length and yellow at apex. Ovary 6-locular. Fruits indehiscent, spherical, 12-25 cm diameter. Seeds embedded in pulp, the pulp oxidizing bluish-green when exposed to air.
Derivation of specific name:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Amazonian Colombia, northern Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Amazonian Ecuador, Amazonian Peru, and eastern and southwestern Amazonian Brazil.
Growth form(s):
Insects associated with this species:
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Content last updated: Monday 28 June 2010

Other sources of information about Couroupita guianensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Couroupita guianensis
African Plant Database: Couroupita guianensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Couroupita guianensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Couroupita guianensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Couroupita guianensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Couroupita guianensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Couroupita guianensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Couroupita guianensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Couroupita guianensis
Plants of the World Online: Couroupita guianensis
Tropicos: Couroupita guianensis
Wikipedia: Couroupita guianensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Couroupita guianensis., retrieved 2 June 2023

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