Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Gentianales

Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae


Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020) Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2)

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs or climbers with milky or clear latex. Leaves opposite. Stipules 0 (but stipule-like frills present in Mondia). Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, usually arranged in cymes. Calyx 5-lobed. Corolla 5-lobed. Corona present or 0. Stamens 5, attached mainly at or near base of the corolla tube; filaments free. Anthers connivent at apex above stigma, acute, acuminate or produced into appendages. Pollen granular, in tetrads. Ovary of 2 separate carpels. Styles 2, free up to the stigma. Stigma 1, a peltate disk. Fruit of 2 follicles. Seeds usually crowned with a tuft of silky hairs

Comment: The subfamily Periplocoideae contains the genera which were formerly included in the family PERIPLOCACEAE. It is nowadays combined with other subfamilies, containing the former APOCYNACEAE sensu stricto and ASCLEPIADACEAE, into one large family under the name APOCYNACEAE. Periplocoideae is similar in most aspects to Asclepiadoideae, from which it mainly differs in its pollination mechanism. As, particularly the other subfamilies, can be clearly distinguished from each other, it is preferred to still deal with them in separate lists.

Worldwide: 17 genera and 85 species in tropical and warm areas.

Mozambique: 8 genera and 28 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Cryptolepis R. Br.Description, Image
Cryptostegia R. Br.Description, Image
Mondia SkeelsDescription, Image
Parquetina Baill.Description, Image
Raphionacme Harv.Description, Image
Schlechterella K. Schum.Description
Stomatostemma N.E. Br.Description, Image
Tacazzea Decne.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae
Flora of Caprivi: Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae
Flora of Malawi: Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae
Flora of Zambia: Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae
Wikipedia: Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Family page: Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=169, retrieved 23 March 2023

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