5538.000 Combretum Loefl.

Description of the genus

Trees, shrubs, or woody climbers. Leaves opposite, whorled, subopposite or rarely alternate, usually entire; petiole sometimes persisting and forming a ± hooked spine. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, 4-5-merous. Calyx 4-5 (rarely more). Petals usually 4-5, variously coloured. Stamens twice as many as petals, in 1 or 2 series. Ovary inferior. Fruit 4-5-winged. A generally recognisable genus but Schrebera trichoclada in leaf looks very similar. The flowers of many species resemble those of willows (Salix species), hence their common name of Bushwillow.

Worldwide: 250 species in the tropics, excluding Australia

Mozambique: 43 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Coeliades forestan (Striped policeman)
Coeliades pisistratus (Two-pip policeman)
Hemerophanes Hemerophanes libyra (Variegated Vapourer)
Pseudaphelia apollinaris (Apollo moth)
Trabala charon
Combretum mossambicense

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
adenogonium Steud. ex A. Rich.N,Z,T,MSDescription, Image
andradae Exell & Garcia[NrEnd]N
apiculatum Sond.[Agg]N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
apiculatum Sond. subsp. apiculatum N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
apiculatum Sond. subsp. leutweinii (Schinz) ExellN,T,GI
butyrosum (Bertol. f.) Tul.GI
caudatisepalum Exell & Garcia[End]N
celastroides Welw. ex M.A. Lawson[Agg]T,GI,M
celastroides Welw. ex M.A. Lawson subsp. celastroides TDescription, Image
collinum Fresen.[Agg]N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
constrictum (Benth.) M.A. LawsonNImage
coriifolium Engl. & DielsN,Z,MS
elaeagnoides KlotzschT,MSDescription, Image
erythrophyllum (Burch.) Sond.Z,MDescription, Image
goetzei Engl. & DielsN,T
hereroense Schinz subsp. hereroense N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
holstii Engl.N,Z,MS,GIImage
illairii Engl.NDescription, Image
imberbe WawraN,Z,T,MS,MDescription, Image
kirkii M.A. LawsonN,TDescription
kraussii Hochst.MDescription, Image
lasiocarpum Engl. & Diels[End]N,T,MS
lindense Exell & Mildbr.[NrEnd]N
microphyllum KlotzschN,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
mkuzense J.D.Carr & Retief[NrEnd]M
molle R.Br ex G. DonN,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
mossambicense (Klotzsch) Engl.N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
obovatum F. Hoffm.TDescription, Image
padoides Engl. & DielsN,T,MSDescription, Image
paniculatum Vent.N,Z,MSDescription, Image
patelliforme Engl. & DielsGI,MDescription
pentagonum M.A. LawsonN
pisoniiflorum Engl.N,T,MS,GIDescription, Image
platypetalum Welw. ex M.A. Lawson subsp. oatesii (Rolfe) ExellN,TDescription, Image
psidioides Welw.[Agg]N,Z,T,MSDescription, Image
psidioides Welw. subsp. dinteri (Schinz) ExellN?Description
psidioides Welw. subsp. psidioides N,Z,T,MSDescription
schumannii Engl.Z
sp. A [NrEnd?]
stocksii Sprague[End]N
umbricola Engl.N,Z
xanthothyrsum Engl. & DielsN
zeyheri Sond.N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Combretum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Combretum
Flora of Malawi: Combretum
Flora of Zambia: Combretum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Combretum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Combretum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Combretum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum
Plants of the World Online: Combretum
Tropicos: Combretum
Wikipedia: Combretum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Combretum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1007, retrieved 2 December 2023

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