6559.000 Carissa L.

Description of the genus

Shrubs or small trees, with white latex and with simple or forked spines. Branches repeatedly dichotomously branched. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite. Flowers in terminal corymbs or 1-5-flowered cymes. Calyx lobes imbricate, free to base. Corolla salver-shaped; tube cylindric; lobes contorted, overlapping either to left or right. Stamens inserted at middle or towards top of corolla tube; anthers subsessile, glabrous. Ovary with 2 carpels, with 1-4 or rarely many ovules per loculus. Fruit an ellipsoid or ovoid berry. Seeds discoid or flattened-ellipsoid, velutinous.

Comment: In the paper Series of revisions of Apocynaceae XLIX. Carissa L., Leeuwenberg & Van Dilst (2001), the authors make various changes to taxa of Carissa occurring in the Flora Zambesiaca region. They sink Carissa edulis, and many other Carissa species, under C. spinarum L., sink C. praetermissa under C. macrocarpa and combine C. bispinosa subsp. bispinosa and C. bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis under C. bispinosa. We feel that this approach lumps too many entities together and have retained the treatment in FZ 7(1).

Worldwide: 37 species in the warm Old World, eastwards to Australia and New Caledonia

Mozambique: 6 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Asota speciosa (Specious tiger)
Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Brenan subsp. bispinosa var. bispinosa GI,MDescription, Image
bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Brenan subsp. zambesiensis KupichaN,Z,MSDescription, Image
macrocarpa (Eckl.) A. DC.N,Z,MDescription, Image
praetermissa Kupicha[End]Z,MS,GIDescription, Image
spinarum L.Z,T,MSDescription, Image
tetramera (Sacleux) StapfN,MS,GI,MDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Carissa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Carissa
Flora of Caprivi: Carissa
Flora of Malawi: Carissa
Flora of Zambia: Carissa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Carissa
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Carissa

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Carissa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Carissa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Carissa
Wikipedia: Carissa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Carissa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Carissa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Carissa.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1103, retrieved 30 March 2023

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