459.000 Cyperus L.



Description of the genus

Perennial, less often annual, herbs, tufted or with rhizomes or stolons, sometimes producing tubers or bulbs. Culms usually triangular. Leaves usually at or near the base of the culm, the culm base sometimes swollen, 3-ranked, linear and grass-like, the lower ones often scale-like. Inflorescence terminal, often a subumbel-like anthela or congested into a dense head; subtended by leaf-like involucral bracts. Spikelets 1-many-flowered. Glumes distichous. Perianth 0. Stamens 1-3. Stigmas 2-3, if 2, then nutlet dorsally flattened. Fruit a nutlet, usually dorsally flattened.

Comment: The exact occurrence of species in this genus is as yet unknown and the list is incomplete. Some of the species are listed solely on the basis of Mozambique being cited in the distribution of the species in Flora of Tropical East Africa.

Worldwide: c. 300 species in warm and tropical countries

Mozambique: 35 taxa.

Cyperus mapanioides

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
albostriatus Schrad.Description, Image
amabilis VahlGIDescription, Image
amauropus Steud.Z
articulatus L.GIDescription, Image
colymbetes Kotschy & Peyr.
compressus L.GIDescription, Image
corymbosus Rottb.
crassipes Vahl Image
cyperoides (L.) KuntzeN,Z,MDescription, Image
distans L.f.N,Z,MS,MDescription, Image
dives Delile
dubius Rottb.MS,GIDescription, Image
esculentus L.GIDescription, Image
fischerianus A. Rich.
hemisphaericus BoeckelerN,T,MS,MDescription, Image
imbricatus Retz.Z,T,MS,GIDescription, Image
involucratus Rottb.MS,MDescription, Image
kirkii C.B. Clarke
latifolius Poir.
longispicula Muasya & D.A. Simpson[NrEnd]MS
macrocarpus (Kunth) BoeckelerN(other?)
mapanioides C.B. ClarkeZ,MSDescription, Image
margaritaceus VahlGIImage
natalensis Hochst.MS,GI,M
nduru Cherm.TDescription, Image
nutans Vahl var. eleusinoides (Kunth) Haines
obtusiflorus Vahl var. obtusiflorus GI,MImage
papyrus L.Description, Image
prolifer Lam.MS (other?)
rotundus L.N,Z,GI,MDescription, Image
rupestris Kunth
schinzii Boeckeler
solidus KunthM
tenuiculmis Boeckeler
uitenhagensis (Steud.) C. Archer & Goetgh.GIImage

Other sources of information about Cyperus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyperus
Flora of Caprivi: Cyperus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cyperus
Flora of Malawi: Cyperus
Flora of Zambia: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cyperus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyperus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyperus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyperus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyperus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyperus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyperus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyperus
Plants of the World Online: Cyperus
Tropicos: Cyperus
Wikipedia: Cyperus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Cyperus.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=267, retrieved 24 May 2024

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