Cyathea dregei Kunze

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Cyathea dregei

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Muhohwa river above Chikukwa, Chimanimani Mts.

Cyathea dregei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau below Mt pheza, Chimanimani Mts.

Cyathea dregei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau below Gogogo, Mt Gorongosa

Cyathea dregei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rocky ridge on plateau below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa

Cyathea dregei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper Jizira River valley, Mt Gorongosa

Cyathea dregei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper Jizira River valley, Mt Gorongosa

Cyathea dregei

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, grassland plateau

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Alsophila dregei (Kunze) R. M. Tryon
Cyathea angolensis Welw. ex Hook.
Cyathea burkei Hook.
Cyathea dregei Kunze var. polyphlebia (Baker) C.Chr.
Cyathea dregei Kunze var. segregata (Baker) C.Chr
Common names: Grassland tree fern (English)
Status: Native
Tree fern. Caudex thick, stout, 5 m × 45 cm. Fronds coriaceous, in whorls. Stem without spines and without aphlebia in the crown of the caudex. Stipe rough, 30-45 cm long, pale matt brown; basal castaneous, shiny, twisted, up to 40 mm long, apices attenuate. Lamina 1.5-3 m × 0.5-0.7 m, 3-pinnatifid to 3-pinnate, elliptic in outline. Ultimate lobes adnate along the costules, oblong, acute, somewhat falcate, margins entire to minutely lobed; costules and veins below with light brown hair-like scales. Sori up to 10 per lobe, round, cup-shaped, situated in 2 rows along each side of the costule; indusium cup-shaped.
Notes: This species has a thick trunk and tendency to grow in full sun
Derivation of specific name: dregeana: after Johann Franz Drège (1794-1881), German horticulturalist, botanical collector and explorer who worked extensively in South Africa.
Habitat: Full sun along open streambanks in high rainfall grassland, occasionaly in scrub along mountain streams and forest edge.
Altitude range: Up to 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Bioko, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, DRC, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascan region
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 22 June 2012

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 21.

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 84 - 86. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 84.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 27.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 30. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

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Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 10.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 25.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 231.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 173.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 201 - 202. As Alsophila (Kunze) Tryon (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 80 - 81.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 86. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 63. As Alsophila dregei (Kunze) R.M.Tyron

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 74. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 1.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 78.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Cyathea dregei:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cyathea dregei
Flora of Zambia: Cyathea dregei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyathea dregei
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cyathea dregei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyathea dregei
African Plant Database: Cyathea dregei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyathea dregei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyathea dregei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyathea dregei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyathea dregei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyathea dregei
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyathea dregei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyathea dregei
Plants of the World Online: Cyathea dregei
Tropicos: Cyathea dregei
Wikipedia: Cyathea dregei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cyathea dregei., retrieved 8 December 2023

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