Asplenium hypomelas Kuhn

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Asplenium hypomelas

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maggies way,fern gully, Vumba

Asplenium hypomelas

Photo: Petra Ballings

Asplenium hypomelas

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maggies way, fern gully, Vumba

Asplenium hypomelas

Photo: Petra Ballings
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

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Synonyms: Asplenium floccigerum Rosenst.
Asplenium hollandii (Sim) C. Chr.
Davallia hollandii Sim
Davallia nigrescens Hook.
Loxoscaphe nigrescens (Hook.) T. Moore
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome erect; scales lanceolate, pale brown, up to 13 mm long, hair-pointed, fimbriate. Fronds tufted, aching, not proliferous. Stipe up to 20 cm, stipe and rhachis matt brown, sparsely set with hair-pointed scales. Lamina 60-90 cm × 30-50 cm, lanceolate in outline, 4-pinnate. Ultimate lobes c. 1-2 mm broad, hairless, oblanceolate, acute, margins entire. Sori cup-shaped, solitary, situated on the acroscopic side of the ultimate segments, protuding from the lobe margin; indusium entire.
Notes: Differs from similar species by having distinctive cup-shaped, protuding sori and finely divided fronds.
Derivation of specific name: hypo: below and melas: black; probably a reference to the dark environment in which this fern grows
Habitat: Deeply shaded evergreen forest, often on Cyathea manniana. Terrestrial, epiphyte or lithophyte.
Altitude range: 1300 - 2250 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Bioko, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, DRC, Equatorial guinea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Soa Tomé, sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 20 October 2011

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 239 - 240. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 94.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 25.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 634 - 635. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 9.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 26.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 377 - 378. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 166.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 87 - 88.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 187 - 188. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Asplenium hypomelas:

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Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Asplenium hypomelas
Flora of Malawi: Asplenium hypomelas
Flora of Zimbabwe: Asplenium hypomelas

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asplenium hypomelas
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asplenium hypomelas
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium hypomelas
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asplenium hypomelas
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iNaturalist: Asplenium hypomelas
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium hypomelas
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium hypomelas
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asplenium hypomelas
Plants of the World Online: Asplenium hypomelas
Tropicos: Asplenium hypomelas
Wikipedia: Asplenium hypomelas

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Asplenium hypomelas., retrieved 24 April 2024

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