Oxytenanthera abyssinica (A. Rich.) Munro

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Oxytenanthera abyssinica

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Around Envirotrade camp, Nhambita

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Bindura bamboo (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Woody perennial, growing in dense clumps. Culms 3–10 m × 5–10 cm, erect. Leaves: lamina 5–25 × 1–3 cm, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, ± glaucous with a fine pungent tip. Spikelet clusters 4–8 cm in diameter,spherical, ± confluent, spiny; bracts to 4 mm, ovate. Spikelets 15–40 mm, very narrowly lanceolate; 1(–2) upper florets bisexual, the rest reduced to lemmas; glumes ovate to oblong, lower 5–8 mm; lemmas narrowly lanceolate, the lowest 12–20 mm, ± hispid on the back, tipped with a rigid spine to 7 mm.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Habitat: In high rainfall areas at low altitudes
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Senegal to Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Aphysoneura pigmentaria vumba (Food plant)
Melanitis libya (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 42. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 96. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 231.

Fanshawe, D.B. (1972). The Bamboo, Oxytenanthera abyssinica - Its Ecology, Silviculture and Utilization Kirkia 8(2) Pages 157 - 166. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 50.

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 17 - 19. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 150.

Other sources of information about Oxytenanthera abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Flora of Zambia: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Oxytenanthera abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
African Plant Database: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
iNaturalist: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Plants of the World Online: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Tropicos: Oxytenanthera abyssinica
Wikipedia: Oxytenanthera abyssinica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Oxytenanthera abyssinica.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=103400, retrieved 20 October 2019

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