Panicum ecklonii Nees

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Synonyms: Panicum catangense Chiov.
Panicum katentaniense Robyns
Panicum pectinatum Rendle
Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial, usually densely pubescent at the base. Culms 15–80 cm. high, erect, simple. Leaves mostly basal, pilose with both simple and gland-tipped hairs; laminae 5–18(27) × 0.1–0.9 cm., linear to lanceolate, flat, bluntly to setaceously acute. Panicle 6–12(18) cm. long, oblong or ovate, glabrous or clavellate-hairy, moderately to much-branched, the branches ascending or spreading usually fine and flexuous. Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, oblong, glabrous except for the puberulous apex; inferior glume 1/5–1/2 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved, pectinate; superior glume 1/2–3/4 the length of the spikelet, 5-nerved, pectinate; inferior lemma 3/4 to as long as the spikelet, 7-nerved, pectinate; sterile; superior lemma and palea glossy, puberulous at the apex.
Derivation of specific name: ecklonii: after Christian Friedrich Ecklon (1795-1868), a Danish pharmacist, botanist and plant collector, who was one of the early and most productive botanical explorers in South Africa.
Habitat: Grassland, in rocky places
Altitude range: 1200 - 2700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: West Africa eastwards to DRC and southern Tanzania, southwards to South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 357.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 13.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 52. As Panicum pectinatum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 150.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Panicum ecklonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Panicum ecklonii
Flora of Malawi: Panicum ecklonii
Flora of Zambia: Panicum ecklonii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum ecklonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum ecklonii
African Plant Database: Panicum ecklonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum ecklonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum ecklonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum ecklonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum ecklonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum ecklonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum ecklonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum ecklonii
Plants of the World Online: Panicum ecklonii
Tropicos: Panicum ecklonii
Wikipedia: Panicum ecklonii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Panicum ecklonii., retrieved 15 June 2024

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