G.455. Panicum L.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: lamina variable, from linear to ovate. Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched, but occasionally ± contracted about the primary branches. Spikelets dorsally flattened, rarely slightly gibbous; lower glume usually shorter than (rarely equal to) the spikelet; upper glume as long as, the spikelet, often with a stipe-like internode between the glumes; lower floret male or barren; its lower lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma crustaceous; margin involute and clasping only the edges of the palea. A generally recognisable genus but the following could be confused with it: Brachiaria deflexa, Eriochloa meyeriana, Tricholaena monachne.

Worldwide: 500 species or more in tropical and warm temperate zones

Mozambique: 41 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Achaea echo (Echo moth)
Borbo fatuellus (Long-horned swift)
Panicum maximum

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
brazzavillense Franch.N
brevifolium L.MS
carneovaginatum Renvoize MS
coloratum L. var. coloratum MS,GI,M
comorense Mez N,Z,MS,M
deustum Thunb.N,GI,M
dregeanum NeesMSDescription, Image
ecklonii NeesMS
eickii MezMS
fluviicola Steud.N,M
glandulopaniculatum RenvoizeZ,MS
gracilicaule RendleN
graciliflorum Rendle N
graniflorum StapfZ
hanningtonii Stapf MS
heterostachyum Hack.Description, Image
hymeniochilum NeesMS
inaequilatum Stapf & C.E. Hubb.MS
infestum Andersson ex PetersN,MS,M
kalaharense MezM
laticomum NeesN,MS
lindleyanum Steud. Z
madipirense MezMS
massaiense Mez Z
maximum Jacq.N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
merkeri MezMS
mueense VanderystMS
natalense Hochst.MS
parvifolium Lam. N,MS,M
peteri Pilg.MS
phragmitoides StapfN
pilgeri MezN
pleianthum PeterMS,GI
poaeoides StapfT
porphyrrhizos Steud.N
repens L.N,Z,MS
subalbidum KunthMS,MImage
subflabellatum StapfMS,GI,M
trichocladum Hack. ex K. Schum.N,Z,MS
trichoides Sw.N,MS
wiehei RenvoizeZ

Other sources of information about Panicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum
Flora of Caprivi: Panicum
Flora of Malawi: Panicum
Flora of Zambia: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Panicum

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Panicum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Panicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Panicum
Wikipedia: Panicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Panicum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Panicum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=191, retrieved 19 January 2021

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