Brachiaria nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) Stapf

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Brachiaria nigropedata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Brachiaria nigropedata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

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Synonyms: Brachiaria melanotyla (Hack.) Henr.
Panicum melanotylum Hack.
Panicum nigropedatum Ficalho & Hiern
Common names: Black-footed grass (English) Spotted signal grass (English)
Status: Native
Tufted perennial grass, growing from a short rhizome. The leaves are mostly basal, covered in velvety hairs; margins entire. The short stalks of the spikelets are darkly coloured, turning purple-black in adult specimens (see pic. to the right).
Notes: It is similar to Brachiaria serrata, but that species has densely hairy, reddish spikelets, wider leaves with serrated margins, and it lacks the dark spikelet stalks.
Derivation of specific name: nigropedata: black-footed, referring to the black pedicel below the spikelet
Habitat: Favouring moist but well-drained sandy soils in savanna woodland.
Altitude range: 500 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Nov - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 71 - 73. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 434. (Includes a picture).

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 7. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 56 - 57. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 132.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 187.

Other sources of information about Brachiaria nigropedata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria nigropedata
Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria nigropedata
Flora of Zambia: Brachiaria nigropedata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachiaria nigropedata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria nigropedata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria nigropedata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria nigropedata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachiaria nigropedata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachiaria nigropedata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria nigropedata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brachiaria nigropedata
iNaturalist: Brachiaria nigropedata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria nigropedata
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria nigropedata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachiaria nigropedata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Brachiaria nigropedata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria nigropedata
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria nigropedata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Brachiaria nigropedata
Tropicos: Brachiaria nigropedata
Wikipedia: Brachiaria nigropedata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Brachiaria nigropedata., retrieved 17 January 2020

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