Brachiaria umbellata (Trin.) Clayton

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Synonyms: Panicum umbellatum Trin.
Common names:
Sward forming perennial. Culms procumbent, c. 10 cm. high. Inflorescence ovate, of 4–8 closely spaced racemes, these 0.5–3 cm. long, bare at the base, bearing pedicelled spikelets singly on a slender rhachis, the pedicels c. as long as the spikelet. Spikelets 1.5–2 mm. long, glabrous, acute. Inferior glume 1/8–1/4 length of spikelet, obtuse to emarginate. Superior lemma granulose, acute.
Derivation of specific name: umbellata: bearing flowers in umbels
Habitat: Planted as a lawn grass and as a cover plant in tea gardens, but also occurs as an escape in forest clearings
Altitude range: Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Indian Ocean islands, Madagascar, introduced to southern Africa
Mozambique distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 74 - 75.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Pages 68 - 69. As Panicum umbellatum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 146.

Other sources of information about Brachiaria umbellata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria umbellata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Brachiaria umbellata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria umbellata
African Plant Database: Brachiaria umbellata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria umbellata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria umbellata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria umbellata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachiaria umbellata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria umbellata
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria umbellata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria umbellata
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria umbellata
Tropicos: Brachiaria umbellata
Wikipedia: Brachiaria umbellata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Brachiaria umbellata., retrieved 21 April 2024

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