Setaria sagittifolia (A. Rich.) Walp.

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Setaria sagittifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sandforest Loop, Gorongosa National Park.

Setaria sagittifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sandforest Loop, Gorongosa National Park.

Setaria sagittifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sandforest Loop, Gorongosa National Park.

Setaria sagittifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sandforest Loop, Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cymbosetaria sagittifolia (A. Rich.) Schweick.
Panicum barbigerum Bertol.
Panicum sagittifolium (A. Rich.) Steud.
Pennisetum sagittifolium A. Rich.
Setaria barbigera (Bertol.) Stapf
Common names: Arrow grass (English)
Status: Native
Annual grass 20-80 cm high. Leaves broadly linear to narrowly lanceolate, sagittate ate the base with lobes 2-30 mm long. Inflorescence a narrowly oblong to ovate panicle, 5-15 cm long. Spikelets secund on racemose branches; bristles 2-15 mm long. Spikelets suborbicular, 2 mm long, laterally compressed. Inferior glume 1/3, the superior 1/2 length of spikelet. Superior lemma conspicuously gibbous, keeled, rugose.
Derivation of specific name: sagittifolia: with sagittate leaves, referring to the sharply pointed, backward pointing lobes at the base of the leaves.
Habitat: In shady places in bushland, woodland, dry forest and riverine forest.
Altitude range: 0 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Yemen and Sudan throughout the eastern half of Africa to South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 18 October 2016

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 51.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 101.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 499. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 59. As Setaria saggittifolia

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 180 - 181. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 144.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 192.

Other sources of information about Setaria sagittifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Setaria sagittifolia
Flora of Caprivi: Setaria sagittifolia
Flora of Malawi: Setaria sagittifolia
Flora of Zambia: Setaria sagittifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Setaria sagittifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Setaria sagittifolia
African Plant Database: Setaria sagittifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Setaria sagittifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Setaria sagittifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Setaria sagittifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Setaria sagittifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria sagittifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Setaria sagittifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Setaria sagittifolia
Plants of the World Online: Setaria sagittifolia
Tropicos: Setaria sagittifolia
Wikipedia: Setaria sagittifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Setaria sagittifolia., retrieved 30 November 2023

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