G.503. Setaria P. Beauv. - Bristle grasses


Clayton, W.D. (1989) Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3)

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves flat or folded, sometimes plicate. Ligule usually a ciliate rim. Inflorescence usually a panicle, either open or dense and spike-like; the spikelets subtended by 1 or more bristles which persist on the axis after the spikelets fall. Spikelets oblong to ovate, ± plano-convex, awnless; glumes unequal, the lower generally much smaller, ovate from a clasping base; lower floret male or barren, as long as the spikelet, herbaceous; upper lemma crustaceous, strongly convex on the back, often rugose.

Derivation of name: from the Latin, seta, a bristle, referring to the persistent bristles subtending the spikelets

Worldwide: c.150 species in tropical and warm zones

Mozambique: 12 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Gnophodes betsimena (Yellow-banded evening brown)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
barbata (Lam.) KunthMS
homonyma (Steud.) Chiov.N,MSDescription, Image
incrassata (Hochst.) Hack.N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
italica (L.) P. Beauv.N,MS,MDescription
longiseta P. Beauv.Z,T,MSDescription
megaphylla (Steud.) T. Durand & SchinzN,Z,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
orthosticha K. Schum. ex R.A.W. Herrm.N,MSDescription
petiolata Stapf & C.E. Hubb.TDescription
pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult.N,T,GIDescription, Image
sagittifolia (A. Rich.) Walp.T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
sphacelata (Schumach.) MossN,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
verticillata (L.) P. Beauv.N,Z,T,GI,MDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Setaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Setaria
Flora of Caprivi: Setaria
Flora of Malawi: Setaria
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Setaria
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Setaria
Flora of Zambia: Setaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Setaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Setaria

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Setaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Setaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Setaria
Wikipedia: Setaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Setaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Setaria.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=202, retrieved 29 March 2023

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