Cyperus esculentus L.

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Cyperus esculentus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Cyperus esculentus

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Cyperus esculentus

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Cyperus esculentus

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Cyperus esculentus

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Cyperus esculentus

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Cyperus esculentus

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Cyperus esculentus

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cyperus callistus Ridl.
Common names: Earth almond (English) Edible galingale (English) Water grass (English) Yellow nut-grass (English) Yellow nutsedge (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Stoloniferous perennial. Stolons to 15 cm, covered with scales and ending in a 3-8 mm tuber. Culms to 70 cm, triangular, glabrous. Inflorescence an anthela with 1 sessile and 3-10 stalked spikes. Spikelets 5-20 mm, brown. Glumes 2.2-2.6 mm, ovate-elliptic, reddish-brown. Style with 3 branches. Nutlet 1.3-1.5 mm, ellipsoid, triangular, grey, shiny.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: esculentus: edible, referring to the tubers
Habitat: Weed of disturbed ground, roadsides and cultivated areas; also in vleis.
Altitude range: Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa and Southern Europe.
Mozambique distribution: GI
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 28 December 2014
Literature:

Bromilow, C. (2010). Problem Plants and Alien Weeds of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Pages 60 - 61. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 298. as Cyperus esculentus esculentus

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 12. As Cyperus esculentus esculentus

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 532. (Includes a picture).

Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H.J. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 227 - 229. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 87.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 118.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 8. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cyperus esculentus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyperus esculentus
Flora of Caprivi: Cyperus esculentus
Flora of Malawi: Cyperus esculentus
Flora of Zambia: Cyperus esculentus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyperus esculentus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyperus esculentus
African Plant Database: Cyperus esculentus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyperus esculentus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyperus esculentus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyperus esculentus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyperus esculentus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyperus esculentus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cyperus esculentus
iNaturalist: Cyperus esculentus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus esculentus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyperus esculentus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyperus esculentus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cyperus esculentus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyperus esculentus
Plants of the World Online: Cyperus esculentus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cyperus esculentus
Tropicos: Cyperus esculentus
Wikipedia: Cyperus esculentus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cyperus esculentus.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=109540, retrieved 23 October 2019

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