Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl.

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Raphia farinifera

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along Mussapa Grande, path going from Machampha to Mahate

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Synonyms: Raphia ruffia (Jacq.) Mart.
Common names: Raffia palm (English)
Status: Native
Large, stemless or short-stemmed palm tree. Leaves huge, up to 18 m, pinnate. Flowers unisexual in huge, branched inflorescences. Fruit oblong, with overlapping "polished', golden-brown scales.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Peat dambos and on banks of perennial streams.
Altitude range: 400 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, D.R. Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe; throughout southern tropical Africa, Madagascar.
Mozambique distribution: N,T,MS,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Zophopetes dysmephyla (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 24 July 2012

Bingham, M.G. (2007). The Raffia Palm. Black Lechwe 15(2) Pages 16 - 17. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 289. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 50. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 101.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Dransfield, J. (2010). Arecaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 43 - 45. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 232.

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 162.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 85.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 46.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 12. As Raphia sp

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 107 - 108.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 81.

Other sources of information about Raphia farinifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Raphia farinifera
Flora of Zambia: Raphia farinifera
Flora of Zimbabwe: Raphia farinifera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Raphia farinifera
African Plant Database: Raphia farinifera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Raphia farinifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphia farinifera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Raphia farinifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Raphia farinifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphia farinifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphia farinifera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Raphia farinifera
Plants of the World Online: Raphia farinifera
Tropicos: Raphia farinifera
Wikipedia: Raphia farinifera

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Raphia farinifera.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=111960, retrieved 5 December 2023

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