Aloe spicata L.f.

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Aloe spicata

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Catembe, Maputo province

Aloe spicata

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Along the coast near Maputo

Aloe spicata

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Along the coast near Maputo

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Synonyms: Aloe sessiliflora Pole Evans
Common names: Bottle-brush aloe (English) Lebombo aloe (English) Lemombo aloe (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Shrub or tree-like succulent plant. Stem erect, simple or branched, 1-2 m tall, sometimes forming shrubs with decumbent stems. Leaves in a dense rosette, spreading becoming recurved, 60-80 cm long, green but often entirely coppery-red in dry conditions; margin reddish with 3-angular teeth. Inflorescences 1-5, simple, erect, up to 1m high. Raceme very densely many-flowered, 30-50 cm long, cylindric; bracts pale brown, c. 10 × 6 mm, ovate-acuminate. Flowers subsessile, c. 15 mm long, campanulate, greenish-yellow to golden yellow.
Derivation of specific name: spicata: arranged in a spike.
Habitat: On steep rocky slopes and cliffs.
Altitude range: Up to 900 m
Flowering time:Jun - Jul
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 57. (Includes a picture).

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 21.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 57. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. (2001). Aloaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3) Page 93.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 114.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 121.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 232. As Aloe sessiliflora

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 161.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

West, O. (1974). A Field Guide to the Aloes of Rhodesia. Longman, Salisbury Pages 88 - 89. as Aloe sessiliflora (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Aloe spicata:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Aloe spicata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Aloe spicata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Aloe spicata
African Plant Database: Aloe spicata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Aloe spicata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aloe spicata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Aloe spicata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Aloe spicata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Aloe spicata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Aloe spicata
iNaturalist: Aloe spicata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aloe spicata
JSTOR Plant Science: Aloe spicata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Aloe spicata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Aloe spicata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aloe spicata
Plants of the World Online: Aloe spicata
Tropicos: Aloe spicata
Wikipedia: Aloe spicata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Aloe spicata., retrieved 25 March 2023

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