1026.000 Aloe L. - Aloe


Carter, S. (2001) Aloaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3)

Fowler, D.G. (2007) Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Grace, O.M., Klopper, R.R., Smith, G.F., Crouch, N.R., Figueiredo, E., Rønsted, N., Van Wyk, A.E. (2013) A revised generic classification for Aloe (Xanthorrhoeaceae subfam. Asphodeloideae) Phytotaxa 76(1) 7-14

Harding, T.B.C. (1979) Aloes of the World: A Checklist, Index and Code as at December 1979. Excelsa 9

Reynolds, G.W. (1966) The Aloes of Tropical Africa and Madagascar. The Aloes Book Fund, Mbabane, Swaziland.

Williamson, G. (2002) Notes on Zambian Aloes Aloe 39(3&4) 83-91

Description of the genus

Succulent perennials, sometimes large and shrub-like, but not dichotomously branched trees or large shrubs. Leaves borne in rosettes or distichous, usually stiff, succulent, with hard-toothed or spiny margins, spotted or unspotted; dried leaves persistent or not. Inflorescence variously branched or simple. Flowers usually brightly coloured, actinomorphic, only rarely ± 2-lipped, variously shaped, with or without a pronounced constriction above a bulbous basal swelling. A well known genus of mainly winter-flowering species.

Derivation of name: Aloe is the Greek name for Aloe vera, one of the bitter aloes of medicine.

Worldwide: c.365 species, tropics and especially southern Africa, Madagascar, Arabia and Canary Isles.

Mozambique: 43 taxa.

Aloe arborescens

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
arborescens Mill.Z,T,MS,MDescription, Image
argentiflora T.A.McCoy, Rulkens & O.J.Baptista[End]N
ballii Reynolds var. makurupiniensis Ellert[NrEnd][VU]MSDescription, Image
cameronii Hemsl. var. cameronii T,MSDescription, Image
cannellii L.C. Leach[End]MSDescription, Image
carnea S. Carter[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
chabaudii Schönland var. chabaudii N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
christianii ReynoldsN,TDescription, Image
cooperi BakerM
cryptopoda BakerT,MSDescription, Image
decurva Reynolds[End]MSDescription, Image
excelsa A. Berger var. excelsa MSDescription, Image
excelsa A. Berger var. breviflora L.C. Leach[NrEnd]N,ZDescription, Image
greenii C.Green ex Rob.[NrEnd?]M
hazeliana Reynolds var. hazeliana [NrEnd][VU]MSDescription, Image
hazeliana Reynolds var. howmanii (Reynolds) S. Carter[NrEnd][VU]MSDescription, Image
inyangensis Christian var. kimberleyana S. Carter[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
komatiensis ReynoldsM
littoralis BakerGI
lutescens Groenew.GIDescription, Image
marlothii A. Berger subsp. marlothii
marlothii A. Berger subsp. orientalis Glen & Hardy[NrEnd]MS,M
mawii Christian[NrEnd]N,ZDescription, Image
menyharthii Baker subsp. ensifolia S. Carter[End]N,Z
menyharthii Baker subsp. menyharthii T
mossurilensis Ellert[End]NImage
munchii Christian[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
myriacantha (Haw.) Schult. & Schult. f.MSDescription, Image
parvibracteata SchonlandMDescription, Image
perdita Ellert[NrEnd]MS?Description
pienaarii Pole EvansMDescription, Image
plowesii Reynolds[NrEnd][VU]MSDescription, Image
rhodesiana RendleMSDescription, Image
ribauensis T.A. McCoy, Rulkens & Baptista[End]NDescription, Image
rulkensii T.A.McCoy & O.J.Baptista[End][VU]NDescription, Image
rupestris BakerM
spicata L.f.MDescription, Image
suffulta Reynolds[NrEnd]M
suprafoliata Pole-EvansDescription, Image
swynnertonii RendleMSDescription, Image
torrei I. Verd. & Christian[End]Z
wildii (Reynolds) Reynolds[NrEnd][VU]MSDescription, Image
zebrina BakerT,MSDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Aloe:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Aloe
Flora of Caprivi: Aloe
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Aloe
Flora of Malawi: Aloe
Flora of Zambia: Aloe
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Aloe
Flora of Zimbabwe: Aloe
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Aloe

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Aloe
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Aloe
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aloe
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Aloe
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Aloe
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aloe
JSTOR Plant Science: Aloe
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aloe
Plants of the World Online: Aloe
Tropicos: Aloe
Wikipedia: Aloe

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Aloe.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=340, retrieved 2 October 2023

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