Cyrtanthus rhodesianus Rendle

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Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
North of Muvumodzi canyon, Chimanimani Mts

Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
North of Muvumodzi canyon, Chimanimani Mts

Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Masasse plateau, Chimanimani Mts, Mozambique

Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Masasse plateau, Chimanimani Mts, Mozambique

Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
North of Muvumodzi Gorge, Chimanimani Mts

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Fire lily (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb, 20-40 cm tall, growing from oval bulbs. Leaves appearing after flowering. Flowers 2-10, pendent, scarlet, borne in an umbel-like inflorescence. Tube long and narrow, lobes spreading. The flowers are short-lived.
Notes: This species is very similar to the South African C. contractus N.E.Br. and further research will have to establish the exact relationship between the two taxa.
Derivation of specific name: rhodesianus: of Rhodesia (Zimbabwe, or sometimes Zambia)
Habitat: In grassland, usually flowering after grass fires.
Altitude range: 1200 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 10 August 2012
Literature:

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Pages 19 - 20. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of the Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 18(2) Page 157.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 112 - 114.

Other sources of information about Cyrtanthus rhodesianus:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
African Plant Database: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
iNaturalist: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Plants of the World Online: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Tropicos: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Wikipedia: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=115100, retrieved 15 October 2019

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