Cynorkis anacamptoides Kraenzl.
var. anacamptoides

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Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Airedale Rd, Nyanga

Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Airedale Rd, Nyanga

Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road near entrance John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Circular Drive, Nyanga NP

Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Circular Drive, Nyanga NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Barlaea calcarata (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f.
Cynorkis barlaea Schltr.
Cynorkis gymnadenioides Schltr.
Cynorkis micrantha sensu Schltr.
Cynorkis platylepoides Kraenzl.
Habenaria calcarata (Rchb.f.) Benth.
Stenoglottis calcarata Rchb.f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb, up to 50 cm. Stem and inflorescence glandular hairy. Leaves near the base of the stem, lanceolate-elliptic. Inflorescence 5-many-flowered, often pyramidal at first, more elongated later. Flowers small, pink, mauve or purple; dorsal sepal forming a hood with the petals; lateral sepals spreading; lip linear-ligulate, entire; spur 3-5 mm long.
Notes: Var. ecalcarata is only found on the Nyika Plateau in Malawi and Zambia. It has no spur.
Derivation of specific name: anacamptoides: resembling Anacamptis, a European genus of ground orchids.
Habitat: In vleis, bogs and seepage areas in grassland.
Altitude range: 600 - 2300 m
Flowering time:(Sep-) Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Nigeria, Cameroon,Bioko, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,MS
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 18 November 2009

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 318. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 55.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79. As Cynorkis anacamptoides

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 51 - 52.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 45 - 46. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 22 - 24. As Cynorkis anacamptoides (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 101. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 133.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1957). African orchids XXIV Kew Bulletin 12(1) Page 107. As Cynorkis anacamptoides

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 35 - 37. As Cynorkis anacamptoides (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides
Flora of Zambia: Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynorkis anacamptoides
African Plant Database: Cynorkis anacamptoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynorkis anacamptoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynorkis anacamptoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cynorkis anacamptoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cynorkis anacamptoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynorkis anacamptoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cynorkis anacamptoides
iNaturalist: Cynorkis anacamptoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynorkis anacamptoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynorkis anacamptoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cynorkis anacamptoides
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cynorkis anacamptoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynorkis anacamptoides
Plants of the World Online: Cynorkis anacamptoides
Tropicos: Cynorkis anacamptoides
Wikipedia: Cynorkis anacamptoides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cynorkis anacamptoides var. anacamptoides., retrieved 31 March 2023

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