Cynorkis anisoloba Summerh.

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Cynorkis anisoloba

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest just below plateau below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa.

Cynorkis anisoloba

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest just below plateau below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa.

Cynorkis anisoloba

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest just below plateau below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, up to 35 cm tall, growing from paired, ellipsoid, hairy tubers, c. 2 cm long. Basal leaves 1-3, ovate-lanceolate, up to 13 cm long; 2-3 smaller leaves sheathing along the hairy peduncle. Inflorescence laxly up to 20-flowered; bracts lanceolate, c. 7 mm long; ovary and pedicels c. 10 mm long, arched, glandular hairy. Flowers pale pink to purple with red spots on the lip. Dorsal sepal 3-4.5 mm long convex; lateral sepals spreading, 6-8 mm long. Petals 3-4 mm long, forming a hood together with the dorsal sepal. Lip 7-10 mm long, 5-lobed with 2 minute lobes near the base and 2 lobes arising about hafway along the lip, up to 3 mm long. Midlobe longer and somewhat wider. Spur 5-12 mm long, tapering, straight oe C-shaped.
Notes: - It is distinguished from the closely-related C. debilis by the lip. In C. anisoloba, it is 3-lobed only in the apical half, the side lobes shorter and narrower than the mid lobe.
- This species was considered endemic to the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe (la Croix & Cribb, 1995; Mapaura, 2002)but has also been recorded from adjacent areas in Mozambique (Schelpe, 1973), including Mt Gorongosa.
- It is locally common on Mount Gorongosa between 1550 - and 1800 m.
Derivation of specific name: anisoloba: with unequal lobes
Habitat: in damp or wet soil, in rock crevices or among short grasses, sometimes in deep shade.
Altitude range: 1100 - 1750 m
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Border mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique including Mt Gorongosa.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 2 October 2008

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review Pages 30 - 31. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 55.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 175.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 52 - 53.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 128.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1957). African orchids XXIV Kew Bulletin 12(1) Pages 108 - 109. Protologue

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Cynorkis anisoloba:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Cynorkis anisoloba

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynorkis anisoloba
African Plant Database: Cynorkis anisoloba
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynorkis anisoloba
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynorkis anisoloba
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cynorkis anisoloba
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cynorkis anisoloba
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynorkis anisoloba
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cynorkis anisoloba
iNaturalist: Cynorkis anisoloba
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynorkis anisoloba
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynorkis anisoloba
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cynorkis anisoloba
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cynorkis anisoloba
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynorkis anisoloba
Plants of the World Online: Cynorkis anisoloba
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cynorkis anisoloba
Tropicos: Cynorkis anisoloba
Wikipedia: Cynorkis anisoloba

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cynorkis anisoloba., retrieved 7 July 2020

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