Morella pilulifera (Rendle) Killick

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Morella pilulifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Western slope Mt Shangani, eastern Chimanimani Mts.

Morella pilulifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Western slope Mt Shangani, eastern Chimanimani Mts.

Morella pilulifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Western slope Mt Shangani, eastern Chimanimani Mts.

Morella pilulifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Western slope Mt Shangani, eastern Chimanimani Mts.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Myrica pilulifera Rendle
Common names: Broad-leaved waxberry (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Leaves elliptic to obovate, usually c. 7 × 3 cm, yellowish-green, leathery, velvety when young, becoming glabrescent later, lateral veins ridged, Y-shaped near the margin; margin entire or coarsely serrate. Flowers in catkin-like inflorescences, sexes separate on the same tree or on different trees. Fruit in dense clusters of small brown to black berries along the branches, c. 4-5 mm in diameter, spherical, coated in waxy substance.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: pilulifera: bearing small balls, glands or globular structures; probably referring to the fruit
Habitat: Near streams, among rocks, on grassy hills and along the margins of forest.
Altitude range: 1050 - 2070 m
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and South Africa as far as the KwaZulu-Natal
Mozambique distribution: Z,T,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 29 July 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 64. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 124.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 233. As Myrica pilulifera

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2006). Myricaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 260 - 261.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 3. as Myrica pilulifera

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 125.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 96.

Other sources of information about Morella pilulifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Morella pilulifera
Flora of Zimbabwe: Morella pilulifera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Morella pilulifera
African Plant Database: Morella pilulifera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Morella pilulifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Morella pilulifera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Morella pilulifera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Morella pilulifera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Morella pilulifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Morella pilulifera
iNaturalist: Morella pilulifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Morella pilulifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Morella pilulifera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Morella pilulifera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Morella pilulifera
Plants of the World Online: Morella pilulifera
Tropicos: Morella pilulifera
Wikipedia: Morella pilulifera


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Morella pilulifera.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120040, retrieved 29 October 2020

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