Thesium pygmaeum Hilliard

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Thesium pygmaeum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle above small valley below Nhamedimu, Chimanimani Mts

Thesium pygmaeum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle above small valley below Nhamedimu, Chimanimani Mts

Thesium pygmaeum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle above small valley below Nhamedimu, Chimanimani Mts

Thesium pygmaeum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle above small valley below Nhamedimu, Chimanimani Mts

Thesium pygmaeum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle above small valley below Nhamedimu, Chimanimani Mts

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb growing from a small woody caudex. Stems many, decumbent to erect, 10-15 cm long, not ribbed. Leaves ascending-recurved to spreading, linear, c. 7-14 mm long, fleshy, pointed at the apex. Flowers solitary in the axils of bracts, 1-5 arranged like a raceme at the ends of branchlets, together forming a profusely branched panicle. Flowers white, sessile or on pedicels up to 2 mm long, with lobes c. 0.6 mm long, triangular, hairless; external glands ellipsoid.Fruit c. 2 mm long, reddish-brown with slightly raised ribs and reticulations.
Notes: The specimen in the images (Ballings & Wursten 2293) is the first record from Mozambique.
Derivation of specific name: pygmaeum: dwarved; pygmy
Habitat: On quartzite sandstone rocky outcrops
Altitude range: 1460 - 1770 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Known only from the Chimanimani Mountains in Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 28 November 2014
Literature:

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 55. as Thesium kilimandscharicum

Hilliard, O.M. (2006). Santalaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 214 - 215. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 76.

Timberlake, J., Darbyshire, I., Wursten, B., Hadj-Hammou, J., Ballings, P., Mapaura, A., Matimele, H., Banze, A., Chipanga, H., Muassinar, D., Massunde, J., Chelene, I., Osborne, J., Shah, T. (2016). Chimanimani Mountains: Botany and Conservation. Report produced under CEPF Grant 63512. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. Page 47.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Thesium pygmaeum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Thesium pygmaeum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Thesium pygmaeum
African Plant Database: Thesium pygmaeum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Thesium pygmaeum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Thesium pygmaeum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Thesium pygmaeum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Thesium pygmaeum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Thesium pygmaeum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Thesium pygmaeum
iNaturalist: Thesium pygmaeum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Thesium pygmaeum
JSTOR Plant Science: Thesium pygmaeum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Thesium pygmaeum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Thesium pygmaeum
Plants of the World Online: Thesium pygmaeum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Thesium pygmaeum
Tropicos: Thesium pygmaeum
Wikipedia: Thesium pygmaeum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Thesium pygmaeum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=121490, retrieved 17 November 2019

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