Cliffortia serpyllifolia Cham. & Schltdl.

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Cliffortia serpyllifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Higher slopes below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa

Cliffortia serpyllifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Higher slopes below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa

Cliffortia serpyllifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Higher slopes below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cliffortia tychonis Weim.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Dense, much-branched shrub up to c. 2 m tall. Leaves 3-foliolate, clustered on short lateral shoots; leaflets 8-10 mm long oblanceolate, hairless; margin entire, not distinctly rolled under. Flowers solitary, axillary, unisexual, greenish-white. Fruit a small ridged capsule, c. 2 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: serpyllifolia: leaves like Serpyllum or Wild Thyme ( Thymus serphyllum).
Habitat: Along streambanks and margins of forest and ericoid scrub, often forming dense colonies.
Altitude range: Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Apr - Jul
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 9 June 2009

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 170. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 70.

Mendes, E.J. (1978). Rosaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 26 - 27. (Includes a picture).

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Page 150.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 136 - 137. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cliffortia serpyllifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Cliffortia serpyllifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cliffortia serpyllifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cliffortia serpyllifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cliffortia serpyllifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cliffortia serpyllifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cliffortia serpyllifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cliffortia serpyllifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Cliffortia serpyllifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cliffortia serpyllifolia
Plants of the World Online: Cliffortia serpyllifolia
Tropicos: Cliffortia serpyllifolia
Wikipedia: Cliffortia serpyllifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cliffortia serpyllifolia., retrieved 3 October 2023

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