Euphorbia ambroseae L.C. Leach
var. ambroseae

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Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae

Photo: Bart Wursten
On the rim of Archway Gorge, Mweredzi River, Gorongosa National Park, Muanza

Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma

Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma.

Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma.

Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma.

Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma.

Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma.

Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma.

Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent.
Status: Native
Description:
A succulent somewhat spiny erect to scrambling shrub up to 2.5 m high, sparingly branched and rebranched. Branches ascending, occasionally more or less constricted into segments, 4(5)-angled, becoming subterete with age, c. 1-2 cm in diameter; angles shallowly crenate, with tubercles 1–2.5 cm apart along the margins. Spine shields small and very slender, more or less obovate, up to 1 mm wide, narrowly decurrent almost to the flowering eye below, sometimes united into a horny margin; spines minute or absent; prickles 1–2 mm long, or obsolete. Leaves fleshy, to 10 mm long, orbicular, soon falling. Cymes solitary; bracts more or less elliptic, c. 2 mm long. Cyathia 4 × 5–7 mm, with cup-shaped involucres; glands oblong-elliptic, 3–4 mm wide, yellow-green, outer margin faintly pinkish; lobes 2.5 mm wide, broadly elliptic, fimbriate. Male flowers:with stamens c. 5 mm long. Female flower with styles 1.75 mm long, free almost to the base. Capsule subglobose, 3–3.5 long and 4–5 mm wide, shortly exserted on a pedicel c. 1.5 mm long.
Notes: See var. spinosa for comparison.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In shade, in and at the margins of dense thicket and patches of woodland, often on seasonally swampy coastal plain.
Altitude range: 7 - 60 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Only known from the Mozambique coastal plain from the Zambezi River South to the Save River.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS,GI
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 23 January 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 447. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 419 - 420.

Leach, L.C. (1964). Euphorbia species from the Flora Zambesiaca area: 2 Kirkia 4 Pages 15 - 17. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Leach, L.C. (1977). Euphorbia species from the Flora Zambesiaca area: 12 Kirkia 10(2) Pages 396 - 397.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia ambroseae
African Plant Database: Euphorbia ambroseae
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia ambroseae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia ambroseae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia ambroseae
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia ambroseae
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia ambroseae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia ambroseae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia ambroseae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia ambroseae
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia ambroseae
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia ambroseae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia ambroseae
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia ambroseae
Tropicos: Euphorbia ambroseae


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Euphorbia ambroseae var. ambroseae.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=127470, retrieved 25 April 2019

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