4498.000 Euphorbia L.


Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001) Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5)

Description of the genus

Monoecious annual, biennial or perennial herbs, shrubs or trees, sometimes succulent. Milky latex present. Stipules usually present. Leaves mostly alternate, sometimes opposite or whorled. Inflorescence composed of cyathia in simple, dichotomous or umbellate terminal cymes; bracts paired, often leaf-like, sometimes brightly coloured. Cyathia with (1-)4-5(-8) glands around the rim alternating with 5 fringed lobes. Male flowers in 5 groups separated by fringed membranes, bracteolate. Female flower subsessile or with the pedicel elongating or reflexed in fruit. Ovary 3-locular. Styles 3, partly united. Fruit a dehiscent capsule, usually 3-lobed.

Worldwide: c.2000 species, cosmopolitan, but more in warm areas

Mozambique: 61 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Zizeeria knysna (Sooty blue)
Euphorbia hirta

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
ambroseae L.C. Leach var. ambroseae [End]Z,MS,GIDescription, Image
ambroseae L.C. Leach var. spinosa L.C. LeachT,MS,GI
angularis KlotzschN
baylissii L.C. LeachGI,M
bougheyi L.C. Leach[End]Z,MS,GIDescription, Image
citrina S. Carter[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
clavigera N.E. Br.M
confinalis R.A. Dyer subsp. confinalis MS,MDescription, Image
contorta L.C. LeachN,Z
cooperi N.E. Br. ex A. Berger var. cooperi N,GI,MDescription, Image
cooperi N.E. Br. ex A. Berger var. calidicola L.C. LeachT,MSDescription, Image
corniculata R.A. Dyer[End]N
crebrifolia S. Carter[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
cuneata Vahl subsp. cuneata MDescription, Image
cyathophora MurrayGI,MDescription, Image
cyparissioides PaxMSDescription, Image
decliviticola L.C. LeachN,Z
depauperata Hochst. ex A. Rich. var. tsetserrensis S. Carter[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
epicyparissias (Klotzsch & Garcke) Boiss.GI,M
goetzei PaxNImage
grandicornis Goebel ex N.E. Br. subsp. grandicornis MS,GI,M
grandicornis Goebel ex N.E. Br. subsp. sejuncta L.C. LeachN
grandidens Haw.M
graniticola L.C. Leach[End]MSDescription, Image
griseola Pax subsp. griseola MSDescription, Image
griseola Pax subsp. mashonica L.C. LeachTDescription, Image
halipedicola L.C. LeachN,Z,MS,GIDescription, Image
heterophylla L.Z,MS,MDescription, Image
hirta L.N,Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
inaequilatera Sond. var. inaequilatera
indica Lam.T,MS,GIDescription, Image
ingens E. Mey. ex Boiss.N,T,GI,MDescription, Image
keithii R.A. DyerM
kilwana N.E. Br.GI
knuthii Pax subsp. johnsonii (N.E. Br.) L.C. LeachMS
knuthii Pax subsp. knuthii M
limpopoana L.C. Leach ex S. CarterGI
lividiflora L.C. LeachN,MS,GIDescription, Image
lupatensis N.E. Br.MSDescription, Image
malevola L.C. LeachTDescription, Image
matabelensis PaxN,T,MS,GIDescription, Image
milii Des Moul.Description, Image
mossambicensis (Klotzsch & Garcke) Boiss.Z,T,MSDescription, Image
neopolycnemoides Pax & K. Hoffm.MDescription, Image
plenispina S. CarterMS
prostrata AitonN,Z,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
ramulosa L.C. LeachN,Z
rugosiflora L.C. Leach[NrEnd]MS?
schimperiana Scheele var. schimperiana Description
schimperiana Scheele var. pubescens (N.E. Br.) S. CarterZ,TDescription, Image
schlechteri PaxM
serpens KunthMS,GI,MDescription, Image
systyloides Pax subsp. porcaticapsa S. CarterZ
tettensis KlotzschT,MSDescription, Image
thymifolia L.Z
tirucalli L.Z,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
tortirama R.A. DyerGIImage
transvaalensis Schltr.TDescription, Image
triangularis Desf. ex A. BergerM
unicornis R.A. Dyer[End][VU]NDescription, Image
zambesiana Benth. var. zambesiana M

Other sources of information about Euphorbia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Euphorbia
Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Euphorbia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Euphorbia
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Euphorbia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Euphorbia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Euphorbia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Euphorbia.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=875, retrieved 22 August 2019

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