Crotalaria juncea L.

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Crotalaria juncea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common

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Common names: Sunnhemp (English)
Status: Introduced
Erect annual herb, sparsely branched, up to 1.5 m. Leaves simple, oblong-lanceolate, up to 15 cm, with finely appressed hairs, most conspicuous on the under surface. Inflorescences in racemes. Flowers bright yellow. Pods cylindric, 3-5.5 cm, covered in velvety hairs, 6-12-seeded.
Derivation of specific name: juncea: Juncus- or rush-like
Habitat: Roadsides and other disturbed places
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of India
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 14 April 2010

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 218.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 47.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7) Pages 165 - 166.

Other sources of information about Crotalaria juncea:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Crotalaria juncea
Flora of Zambia: Crotalaria juncea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crotalaria juncea
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Crotalaria juncea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crotalaria juncea
African Plant Database: Crotalaria juncea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crotalaria juncea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria juncea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crotalaria juncea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crotalaria juncea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria juncea
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria juncea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crotalaria juncea
Plants of the World Online: Crotalaria juncea
Tropicos: Crotalaria juncea
Wikipedia: Crotalaria juncea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Crotalaria juncea., retrieved 19 May 2024

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