3669.000 Crotalaria L.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Description of the genus

Herbs, shrubs or rarely small trees (capensis and pallidicaulis). Stipules filiform to leaf-like, or 0. Leaves simple, 1-foliolate or digitately 3(-7)-foliolate, usually petiolate. Flowers usually yellow, variously marked, less often white or blue, usually in terminal leaf-opposed or less commonly axillary racemes or heads; bract and paired bracteoles usually present. Calyx usually with 5 subequal lobes. Standard usually with 2 appendages at the base inside; keel rounded to angled, generally with a well-developed beak. Stamens joined in a sheath; anthers arranged alternately with 5 long, basifixed and 5, smaller, dorsifixed. Style curved or geniculate, usually with 1-2 lines of hairs in the upper part, the basal portion thicker than the upper. Legume usually inflated, 1-many seeded.

Worldwide: 600 species throughout the tropics (and subtropics), most numerous in eastern and southern tropical Africa

Mozambique: 94 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Alytarchia amanda (Cheetah)
Azygophleps scalaris (Sesbania stem borer)
Coeliades pisistratus (Two-pip policeman)
Crotalaria lanceolata subsp. lanceolata

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
adamsonii Baker f.N,Z
agatiflora Schweinf. subsp. vaginifera PolhillN
alexandri Baker f.MSDescription, Image
anthyllopsis Welw. ex BakerN,MSDescription, Image
argyrolobioides BakerNDescription, Image
assurgens PolhillN
axillaris AitonN
barkae Schweinf. subsp. barkae N
barnabassii Dinter ex Baker f.N,T
bequaertii Baker f.N
bernieri Baill.N,M
burkeana Benth.GI,M
calycina SchrankN,Z,MS
capensis Jacq.Z,MS,GI,M
caudata Welw. ex BakerN,Z,MSDescription, Image
cephalotes Steud. ex A.Rich.N,Z,T,MSDescription, Image
chirindae Baker f.N,Z,MS
cleomifolia Welw. ex BakerN,Z,T,MS
collina PolhillMSDescription, Image
comosa BakerT
damarensis Engl.MDescription
deserticola Taub. ex Baker f.N
dura Wood & Evans subsp. mozambica PolhillGI,MImage
eremicola Baker f. subsp. parviflora PolhillGI
filicaulis Welw. ex Baker var. filicaulis NDescription, Image
gazensis Baker f. subsp. gazensis MSDescription, Image
gazensis Baker f. subsp. herbacea PolhillMS
glauca Willd.N,Z,MSDescription, Image
glaucifolia BakerN
goetzei HarmsN,ZDescription, Image
goodiiformis VatkeN,Z,MS,GIDescription, Image
goreensis Guill. & Perr.NDescription, Image
hyssopifolia KlotzschN,Z,MS
incana L. subsp. purpurascens (Lam.) Milne-Redh.N,T,MSDescription, Image
insignis PolhillMS
juncea L.N,Z,MSDescription, Image
kipandensis Baker f.N
kirkii BakerN
laburnifolia L. subsp. australis (Baker f.) PolhillGI,MDescription
laburnifolia L. subsp. laburnifolia N,T,MSDescription, Image
laburnoides KlotzschN,Z,MS,GI,M
lachnocarpoides Engl.N,MSDescription, Image
lachnophora A. Rich.N,T,MSDescription, Image
lanceolata E. Mey. subsp. exigua PolhillN,Z
lanceolata E. Mey. subsp. lanceolata N,Z,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
lanceolata E. Mey. subsp. prognatha PolhillMS
luondeensis R. WilczekN
microcarpa Hochst. ex Benth.NDescription, Image
misella PolhillN
mocubensis PolhillZ,T,MS
monteiroi Taub. ex Baker f. var. monteiroi MS,GI,M
monteiroi Taub. ex Baker f. var. galpinii Burtt Davy ex I. Verd.T,M
namuliensis Polhill & T. Harris[End][CR]ZDescription
natalitia Meisn. var. natalitia N,Z,T,MS,GIDescription, Image
natalitia Meisn. var. rutshuruensis De Wild.N,ZDescription, Image
nigricans Baker var. nigricans N
ochroleuca G. DonN,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
pallida Aiton var. pallida N,Z,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
pallida Aiton var. obovata (G. Don) PolhillN,T
pallidicaulis HarmsMSDescription, Image
paraspartea PolhillN
phylicoides Wild[NrEnd]MSDescription, Image
pisicarpa Welw. ex BakerMS
platysepala Harv.T
podocarpa DC.N,T,MS,GI,MDescription, Image
polysperma KotschyZ,T,MS
preladoi Baker f.N
recta Steud. ex A. Rich.N,Z,T,MS
reptans Taub.N
retusa L. var. retusa N,Z
retusa L. var. tunguensis (Pires de Lima) PolhillN
ringoetii Baker f.NDescription, Image
schinzii Baker f.GI
schlechteri Baker f.GI,M
schliebenii PolhillN
senegalensis (Pers.) Bacle ex DC.N,T,MSDescription, Image
shirensis (Baker f.) Milne-Redh.NDescription, Image
sparsifolia BakerN,Z
spartea BakerT
sphaerocarpa Perr. ex DC. subsp. sphaerocarpa MS,GI,MDescription, Image
steudneri Schweinf.NDescription, Image
subcapitata De Wild. var. subcapitata N,T
tabularis Baker f.N
teretifolia Milne-Redh.N
torrei PolhillZ
trichotoma BojerN
uncinella Lam.N,Z
valida BakerNDescription, Image
variegata Welw. ex BakerN,T,MSDescription, Image
vasculosa Wall. ex Benth.N,Z,MS,GI,M
virgulata Klotzsch[Agg]
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. forbesii (Baker) PolhillN,Z,T,MSDescription, Image
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. grantiana (Harv.) PolhillMS,GI,MDescription, Image
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. virgulata T,MS,GIDescription

Other sources of information about Crotalaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crotalaria
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Malawi: Crotalaria
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Zambia: Crotalaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crotalaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Crotalaria

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crotalaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crotalaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Crotalaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crotalaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Mozambique: Genus page: Crotalaria.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=714, retrieved 11 December 2018

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