Canavalia africana Dunn

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Canavalia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower slopes between Morumbodzi Falls and forest Mt Gorongosa.

Canavalia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower slopes between Morumbodzi Falls and forest Mt Gorongosa.

Canavalia africana

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Lower slopes Mt Mabu

Canavalia africana

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Lower slopes Mt Mabu

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Synonyms: Canavalia ferruginea Piper
Canavalia virosa (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial climber, up to 15 m. Leaves 3-foliolate. Leaflets 6-17 cm, ovate, more or less velvety on both surfaces. Flowers in pendulous axillary racemes, mauve with white veins, often greenish towards the base. Pod linear-oblong, 10-17 cm with a ridge along the edge, hairy when young.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Along the margins of evergreen and riverine forest or miombo woodland, often in secondary or disturbed places.
Altitude range: Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Dec - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical, northeastern and South Africa, Yemen, Socotra and India.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Euchrysops malathana (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 20 July 2012

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 217. as Canavalia virosa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 247. As Canavalia virosa

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 37 - 39.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 46.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 96.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 94.

Other sources of information about Canavalia africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Canavalia africana
Flora of Malawi: Canavalia africana
Flora of Zambia: Canavalia africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Canavalia africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canavalia africana
African Plant Database: Canavalia africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canavalia africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canavalia africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canavalia africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Canavalia africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canavalia africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Canavalia africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canavalia africana
Plants of the World Online: Canavalia africana
Tropicos: Canavalia africana
Wikipedia: Canavalia africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Canavalia africana., retrieved 19 May 2024

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