Sphenostylis erecta (Baker f.) Hutch. ex Baker f.
subsp. erecta

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Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhahomba area, Chimanimani National Reserve

Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhahomba area, Chimanimani National Reserve

Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhahomba area, Chimanimani National Reserve

Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhahomba area, Chimanimani National Reserve

Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhahomba area, Chimanimani National Reserve

Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhahomba area, Chimanimani National Reserve

Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhahomba area, Chimanimani National Reserve

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dolichos erectus Baker f.
Sphenostylis homblei De Wild.
Sphenostylis marginata E. Mey. subsp. erecta (Baker f.) Verdc.
Common names: The African yam bean (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect perennial subshrub, growing from a woody rootstock, producing a red sap. Stems hairless or finely pubescent when young. Leaves 3-foliolate with leaflets ovate, elliptic, oblong or ovate-lanceolate, 2.5–12 cm long, distinctly acuminate at the apex, hairless or sparsely pubescent; petiole 1.5–12 cm long; rhachis 0.6–4 cm long; petiolules 1–4 mm long; stipules oblong-lanceolate to ovate, 1.1–6 mm long. Inflorescences in dense few-flowered heads on a peduncle 5.5–30 cm long, often appearing when the plant is almost leafless. Calyx hairless with tube 3–5 mm long; lobes short and rounded, 1.5–3 mm long. Standard yellow inside, flushed brownish, greenish or maroon outside, emarginate; wings yellow; keel pale yellow. Pods 7–12 cm long, margined, hairless or with minute dot-like scales.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: erecta: erect
Habitat: In open woodland and grassland, often appearing after fires
Altitude range: 500 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Burundi, DRC, CAR, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: T,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 28 April 2019
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 44 - 45. as Sphenostylis marginata erecta (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 38. as Sphenostylis marginata

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 72. as Sphenostylis marginata subsp. erecta and S. erecta

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 227. As: Sphenostylis marginata erecta

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 69 - 70.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 51.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 65. as Sphenostylis marginata subsp. erecta

Other sources of information about Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta
Flora of Zambia: Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sphenostylis erecta
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sphenostylis erecta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sphenostylis erecta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sphenostylis erecta
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sphenostylis erecta
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sphenostylis erecta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sphenostylis erecta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sphenostylis erecta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sphenostylis erecta
JSTOR Plant Science: Sphenostylis erecta
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sphenostylis erecta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sphenostylis erecta
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sphenostylis erecta
Tropicos: Sphenostylis erecta


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Sphenostylis erecta subsp. erecta.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=132410, retrieved 22 July 2019

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