Euphorbia citrina S. Carter

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Euphorbia citrina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Engwa, Himalayas

Euphorbia citrina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Engwa, Himalayas

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Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
This straggly shrub may grow up to 3 m but is normally much smaller.
Notes: This species was only relatively recently described (in 1990). It makes quite a display in autumn when the whole plant turns bright red.
Derivation of specific name: citrina: referring to the yellow bracts
Habitat: Montane grassland
Altitude range: 1530 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Confined to the border mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 28 July 2012

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 449. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 370 - 371. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 138.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 92.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia citrina:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia citrina

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia citrina
African Plant Database: Euphorbia citrina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia citrina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia citrina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia citrina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia citrina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia citrina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia citrina
iNaturalist: Euphorbia citrina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia citrina
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia citrina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia citrina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia citrina
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia citrina
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia citrina
Tropicos: Euphorbia citrina
Wikipedia: Euphorbia citrina

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Euphorbia citrina., retrieved 8 August 2020

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