Euphorbia confinalis R.A. Dyer
subsp. confinalis

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Euphorbia confinalis subsp. confinalis

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Nyanyadzi, Save Valley.

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Common names: Confinalis (English) Lebombo euphorbia (English)
Status: Native
Succulent spiny single-stemmed tree with a crown of curved, ascending branches. Stem and branches 3-4-angled, constricted at the nodes; segments with parallel sides. Spine-shields stout and conspicuous. It is distinguished from var. rhodesiaca by its 3-4 angled trunk and single-stemmed trunk. It occurs at low altitudes in the South-East of Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Rocky hills in deciduous woodland
Altitude range:
Flowering time:May - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa
Mozambique distribution: MS,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 31 August 2008

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 449. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 407 - 411. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia confinalis subsp. confinalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia confinalis subsp. confinalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia confinalis
African Plant Database: Euphorbia confinalis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia confinalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia confinalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia confinalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia confinalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia confinalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia confinalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia confinalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia confinalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia confinalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia confinalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia confinalis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia confinalis
Tropicos: Euphorbia confinalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Euphorbia confinalis subsp. confinalis., retrieved 19 April 2019

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