Euphorbia matabelensis Pax

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Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Mt Dengalenga, Manica Province

Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Mt Dengalenga, Manica Province

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Synonyms: Euphorbia currorii N.E. Br.
Euphorbia inelegans N.E. Br.
Euphorbia jaegeriana Pax
Common names: Three-forked euphorbia (English)
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub or small tree. Bark light grey, smooth; branches typically forking in whorls of three, often spine-tipped (image 1). Leaves in clusters on small spurs,somewhat blue-green, narrowly lanceolate, normally c. 3-4 cm long; margin entire. Flowers in small dense heads at the ends of spurs and branches, greenish yellow. Fruit 3-lobed, c. 8 mm in diameter.
Derivation of specific name: matabelensis : of Matabeleland in Southwestern Zimbabwe where the type was collected.
Habitat: Often on rocky outcrops and in open woodland on hillsides in sandy soils.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:May - Jun (and later)
Worldwide distribution: Southern Angola, Botswana, Caprivi-Namibia, Southern Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,T,MS,GI
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 2 September 2014

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 146.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 456. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 388 - 390. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 532. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 337.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84.

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Page 483.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 48.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 56.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia matabelensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia matabelensis
Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia matabelensis
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia matabelensis
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia matabelensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Euphorbia matabelensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia matabelensis
African Plant Database: Euphorbia matabelensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia matabelensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia matabelensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia matabelensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Euphorbia matabelensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia matabelensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia matabelensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia matabelensis
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia matabelensis
Tropicos: Euphorbia matabelensis
Wikipedia: Euphorbia matabelensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Euphorbia matabelensis., retrieved 20 April 2024

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