Monadenium lugardiae N.E. Br.

All images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View selected images

Monadenium lugardiae

Photo: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

Monadenium lugardiae

Photo: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Euphorbia lugardiae (N.E. Br.) Bruyns
Common names:
Status: Native
Succulent perennial, 10-60 cm tall. Stems glabrous, branching from the base, erect or shortly decumbent, thick, 1.5-3 cm in diameter with a diamond-shaped pattern of shallow tubercles. Tubercles c. 1.5 × 1 cm with circular leaf scars at each apex; leaf scars without prickles. Leaves c. 9 × 4 cm, subsessile, obovate, fleshy, crowded towards the apex of the stems. Cymes axillary, simple. Cyathia c. 4 × 3.5 mm, with cup-shaped involucres; gland c. 2mm tall, cream with yellow rim. Capsule c. 6 × 6 mm, with a pair of fleshy crested ridges along the sutures, exserted on a reflexed pedicel.
Derivation of specific name: lugardiae: named after Charlotte Eleanor Lugard-Howard, professional painter and plant collector who was married to Major Edward James Lugard. Both collected extensively in Botswana.
Habitat: On granite outcrops and among rocks in sandy miombo woodland and wooded grassland; also in shade on termite mounds.
Altitude range: 115 - 1100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal) and Eswatini.
Mozambique distribution: GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 23 October 2015

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 449 - 450. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 58.

Other sources of information about Monadenium lugardiae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Monadenium lugardiae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Monadenium lugardiae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monadenium lugardiae
African Plant Database: Monadenium lugardiae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monadenium lugardiae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monadenium lugardiae
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Monadenium lugardiae
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Monadenium lugardiae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monadenium lugardiae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Monadenium lugardiae
iNaturalist: Monadenium lugardiae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monadenium lugardiae
JSTOR Plant Science: Monadenium lugardiae
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Monadenium lugardiae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monadenium lugardiae
Plants of the World Online: Monadenium lugardiae
Tropicos: Monadenium lugardiae
Wikipedia: Monadenium lugardiae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Monadenium lugardiae., retrieved 30 June 2022

Site software last modified: 24 September 2019 10:58am
Terms of use