Parquetina calophylla (Baill.) Venter

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Parquetina calophylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near boundary sign Marromeu District Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma.

Parquetina calophylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near boundary sign Marromeu District Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma.

Parquetina calophylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near boundary sign Marromeu District Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma.

Parquetina calophylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near boundary sign Marromeu District Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma.

Parquetina calophylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near boundary sign Marromeu District Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cryptolepis calophylla (Baill.) L. Joubert & Bruyns
Omphalogonus calophyllus Baill.
Omphalogonus nigritanus N.E. Br.
Parquetina nigrescens sensu (Afzel.) Bullock p.p.
Periploca calophylla (Baill.) Roberty
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Large perennial climber or liana with milky latex. Stems up to 20 m long, hairless, pale brown, verrucose, flaky. Leaves broadly ovate, 9–14 cm long, 5–11 cm wide, somewhat discolorous; petiole up to 7 cm long. Inflorescences 10–30-flowered; peduncles 1–3 cm long, pedicles 4–5 mm long. Sepals sub-orbicular, 2 mm long and wide. Corolla hairless outside; tube campanulate, 5–6 mm long, inside of mouth papillate; lobes broadly elliptic to broadly ovate, spreading, 6–7 mm long and wide, inside papillate, pink, maroon, dark red or violet to deep violet. Corona set in lower half of corolla tube; lobes violet to maroon, 2 mm long. Follicles vary narrowly deltoid-ellipsoid to deltoid-ovoid, 2-edged, 11–25 cm long, 2–4 cm diameter, hairless.
Notes: The specimen in the photographs (Wursten BW1670, March 30 2017) represents the first record for Mozambique South of the Zambezi River.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Dry forest
Altitude range: Up to 220 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Fairly widespread in West-, Central- and East Africa to Mozambique and South-eastern Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,MS
Growth form(s): Climber, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 24 May 2021
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 26. As Parquetina nigrescens

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 270. As Parquetina nigrescens

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 168. As Periploca nigrescens

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(3) Pages 6 - 7. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66. As Periploca nigrescens

Venter, H.J.T. & Verhoeven, R.L. (1996). The 'minor confusion' around Parquetina nigrescens (Periplocaceae) South African Journal of Botany 62(1) Pages 23 - 30. As Periploca nigrescens (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Parquetina calophylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Parquetina calophylla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Parquetina calophylla
African Plant Database: Parquetina calophylla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Parquetina calophylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Parquetina calophylla
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Parquetina calophylla
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Parquetina calophylla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Parquetina calophylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Parquetina calophylla
iNaturalist: Parquetina calophylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Parquetina calophylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Parquetina calophylla
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Parquetina calophylla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Parquetina calophylla
Plants of the World Online: Parquetina calophylla
Tropicos: Parquetina calophylla
Wikipedia: Parquetina calophylla


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Parquetina calophylla.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145270, retrieved 19 June 2021

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