Glossostelma carsonii (N.E. Br.) Bullock

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Glossostelma carsonii

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Mt Ribaue

Glossostelma carsonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhabawa Community, lower Chimanimani Mts

Glossostelma carsonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhabawa Community, lower Chimanimani Mts

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Synonyms: Asclepias carsonii (N. E. Br.) Schltr.
Gomphocarpus chlorojodina K . Schum.
Schizoglossum carsonii (N. E. Br.) N. E. Br.
Schizoglossum chlorojodinum (K. Schum.) N. E. Br.
Schizoglossum kassneri S. Moore
Xysmalobium carsonii N. E. Br.
Common names: Maroon milkweed (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb with annual stems growing from large underground tubers. Milky latex present. Leaves opposite, narrowly linear. Flowers in terminal umbels. Corolla saucer-shaped, cream, greenish or yellow, more or less densely mottled with maroon to purple; lobes recurved at the apex. Corona raised, yellow.
Derivation of specific name: carsonii: named after Alexander Carson (1850-1896), British engineer and avid plant collector in Zambia.
Habitat: Rocky areas of Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: 715 - 2250 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,MS (other?)
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 14 December 2019

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 102 - 103. (Includes a picture).

Binns, B. (1968). A First Check List of the Herbaceous Flora of Malawi The Government Printer, Zomba, Malawi Page 21.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 70. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 25.

Goyder, D.J. (1995). Notes on the African genus Glossostelma Kew Bulletin 50 Pages 532 - 535. (Includes a picture).

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 325 - 327. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 20.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 25.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 94, plate 128

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 47.

Other sources of information about Glossostelma carsonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Glossostelma carsonii
Flora of Zambia: Glossostelma carsonii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Glossostelma carsonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Glossostelma carsonii
African Plant Database: Glossostelma carsonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Glossostelma carsonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Glossostelma carsonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Glossostelma carsonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Glossostelma carsonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Glossostelma carsonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Glossostelma carsonii
iNaturalist: Glossostelma carsonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Glossostelma carsonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Glossostelma carsonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Glossostelma carsonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Glossostelma carsonii
Plants of the World Online: Glossostelma carsonii
Tropicos: Glossostelma carsonii
Wikipedia: Glossostelma carsonii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Glossostelma carsonii., retrieved 2 April 2023

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