Cordia monoica Roxb.

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Cordia monoica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Umvumvumvu River gorge

Cordia monoica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Cordia monoica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cordia ovalis Hochst. ex A.DC.
Common names: Sandpaper saucer-berry (English) Snot berry (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small, multi-stemmed tree. Leaves alternate, broadly obovate-oblong to almost circular, very rough on the upper surface, covered in soft rusty hairs below; margin entire or slightly toothed. Flowers white, cream or pale yellow in dense terminal heads; petals distinctly reflexed; calyces and stalks covered in yellowish hairs. Fruit fleshy, ovoid, orange-yellow when ripe, cupped in the persistent remains of the calyx.
Derivation of specific name: monoica: one-seeded
Habitat: In hot and dry woodland, often on rocky hill sides or termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - May
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Burundi, eastern DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa as far as northern KwaZulu-Natal. Also in Arabia, Mauritius and Tropical Asia.
Mozambique distribution: N,T,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 21 January 2009

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 826. As Cordia ovalis (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 560. although this may prove to be another taxon

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 271. As Cordia ovalis

Martins, E.S. (1990). Boraginaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Pages 65 - 66.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 40. also as Cordia ovalis

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 201.

Other sources of information about Cordia monoica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cordia monoica
Flora of Caprivi: Cordia monoica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cordia monoica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cordia monoica
African Plant Database: Cordia monoica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cordia monoica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cordia monoica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cordia monoica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cordia monoica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cordia monoica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cordia monoica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cordia monoica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cordia monoica
JSTOR Plant Science: Cordia monoica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cordia monoica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cordia monoica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cordia monoica
Tropicos: Cordia monoica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cordia monoica., retrieved 25 May 2019

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