Striga elegans Benth.

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Striga elegans

Photo: Mark Hyde
On Mozambique side of border near Penhalonga

Striga elegans

Photo: Mark Hyde
On Mozambique side of border near Penhalonga

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Common names: Elegant witchweed (English)
Status: Native
Unbranched, erect, annual herb, about 20 cm tall. It has much larger flowers than the similar S. asiatica and a more dense inflorescence with a larger number of flowers open at the same time. The lower lip is more deeply 3-lobed.
Notes: The records from near Penhalonga on 17 April 2012 (images shown above) appear to be the first records of this species from Mozambique.
Derivation of specific name: elegans: elegant
Habitat: In montane grassland and woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 24 November 2012

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 182 - 183. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 79. Under Scrophulariaceae

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 134.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 115, plate 153

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 105.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 96.

Other sources of information about Striga elegans:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Striga elegans
Flora of Caprivi: Striga elegans
Flora of Malawi: Striga elegans
Flora of Zambia: Striga elegans
Flora of Zimbabwe: Striga elegans

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Striga elegans
African Plant Database: Striga elegans
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Striga elegans
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Striga elegans
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Striga elegans
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Striga elegans
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Striga elegans
JSTOR Plant Science: Striga elegans
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Striga elegans
Plants of the World Online: Striga elegans
Tropicos: Striga elegans
Wikipedia: Striga elegans

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Striga elegans., retrieved 15 April 2024

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