Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper & J.R.I. Wood

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Breonadia salicina

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
At waterfall in Mussapa pequeno, lower Chimanimani Mts

Breonadia salicina

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Small stream crossing, road to Chikukwa, lower Chimanimani Mts

Breonadia salicina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi River near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Breonadia salicina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi River near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Breonadia salicina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi River near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Breonadia salicina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi River near Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

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Synonyms: Adina microcephala Delile
Breonadia microcephala (Delile) Ridsdale
Nauclea microcephala Delile
Common names: Matumi (English) Nghonha (Sena) Rhodesian redwood (English)
Status: Native
Medium to large evergreen tree. Leaves in whorls of 3 to 5 near the ends of branches, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, leathery, dark green with the midrib yellow, raised conspicuously. Flowers in small axillary spherical heads of numerous minute, yellowish flowers. Fruits a small ball of capsules.
Notes: Superficially similar, in leaf, to Rauvolfia caffra, which often also grows along low altitude rivers. However, Rauvolfia has milky latex which Breonadia does not.
Derivation of specific name: salicina: willow-like, resembling a Salix
Habitat: In low-altitude riverine forest.
Altitude range: Up to 1110 m
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and sub-tropical Africa, Yemen and Madagascar; Cameroon, Mali, South Sudan to South Africa, Swaziland and Angola.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,M
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 21 December 2015

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 416 - 418. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 381 - 384. as Adina microcephala (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274. As Adina microcephala

Fanshawe, D.B. (). District vegetation reports Division of Forest Research, Kitwe (roneo).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1971). The Vegetation of Zambia. Division of Forest Research, Kitwe.

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 77. As Adina microcephala

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 160.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press.

White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa. A descriptive memoir. UNESCO, Paris

Other sources of information about Breonadia salicina:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Breonadia salicina
Flora of Zambia: Breonadia salicina
Flora of Zimbabwe: Breonadia salicina

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Breonadia salicina
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Breonadia salicina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Breonadia salicina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Breonadia salicina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Breonadia salicina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Breonadia salicina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Breonadia salicina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Breonadia salicina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Breonadia salicina
JSTOR Plant Science: Breonadia salicina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Breonadia salicina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Breonadia salicina
The Plant List (version 1.1): Breonadia salicina
Tropicos: Breonadia salicina

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Breonadia salicina., retrieved 24 February 2018

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