Gardenia imperialis K. Schum.
subsp. imperialis

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Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Pungwe valley, Nyanga District

Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis

Photo: Bart Wursten

Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis

Photo: Bart Wursten

Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis

Photo: Bart Wursten

Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis

Photo: Bart Wursten

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Large pink gardenia (English)
Status: Native
Small, slender tree. Leaves opposite, crowded near the ends of branches, large, up to 25 cm, elliptic to obovate, thickly leathery. Flowers large, c. 13 cm in diameter, white flushed with pink or greenish-red. Fruit ellipsoid, crowned with the old calyx lobes, yellowish to brown.
Derivation of specific name: imperialis: imperial, kingly
Habitat: In evergreen riverine and swamp forest.
Altitude range: Up to 1220 m
Flowering time:Aug - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Mozambique distribution: T,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 675 - 676.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 953. As Gardenia imperialis (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28. As Gardenia imperialis

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Gardenia imperialis

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 168.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 162.

Other sources of information about Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis
Flora of Zambia: Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gardenia imperialis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gardenia imperialis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gardenia imperialis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gardenia imperialis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gardenia imperialis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gardenia imperialis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gardenia imperialis
iNaturalist: Gardenia imperialis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gardenia imperialis
JSTOR Plant Science: Gardenia imperialis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gardenia imperialis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gardenia imperialis
Plants of the World Online: Gardenia imperialis
Tropicos: Gardenia imperialis
Wikipedia: Gardenia imperialis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Gardenia imperialis subsp. imperialis., retrieved 26 March 2023

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